By Mary Dalrymple
Quantity 34 of Syntax and Semantics is an intensive and obtainable evaluate and advent to Lexical useful Grammar (LFG), a conception of the content material and illustration of other points of linguistic constitution and the relatives that carry among them. The publication motivates and describes the 2 syntactic buildings of LFG: floor phrasal association is represented by way of a context-free word constitution tree, and extra summary useful syntactic family like topic and item are represented individually, at useful constitution. The booklet additionally provides a conception of semantics and the syntax-semantics interface during which the that means of an utterance is bought through deduction from semantic premises contributed by means of its components. transparent explication of the formal facets of the idea is equipped all through, and modifications among LFG and different linguistic theories are explored. the speculation is illustrated by way of the research of a various set of linguistic phenomena, together with amendment, keep an eye on, anaphora, coordination, and long-distance dependencies. in addition to its curiosity to linguists, LFG additionally has sensible functions in computational linguistics and machine science.
* Thorough review of the state-of-the-art in Lexical sensible Grammar
* transparent rationalization of the formal instruments of the theory
* advent to the "glue" semantics, a concept of the syntax-semantics interface * In-depth syntactic and semantic research of various linguistic buildings
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Additional resources for Lexical Functional Grammar, Volume 34 (Syntax and Semantics)
IMPERFECT 2. REL, WH,. . SUBCATEGORIZATION At a minimum, the information that must be lexically associated with a word is its meaning. Research has shown that the syntactic behavior of a word can be partially predicted from this information; this is because a number of regularities govern the relation between the meaning of a predicate and the grammatical functions of its arguments, as we will discuss in detail in Chapter 8. LFG and other linguistic theories define and capitalize on this relation in their theory of syntactic subcategorization.
3. : Semantic Composition Dowty (1982) proposes to define grammatical functions like SUBJ and OBJ in compositional semantic terms, by reference to order of combination of a predicate with its arguments: a predicate must combine with its arguments according to a functional obliqueness hierarchy, with the SUBJ defined as the last argument to combine with the predicate. This approach is also adopted by Gazdar et al. (1985) for Generalized Phrase Structure Grammar, and has to some extent carried over to Head-Driven Phrase Structure Grammar (Pollard and Sag 1994).
She was given a book. b. He gave a book to her. A book was given to her. If the "passive transformation" is stated in terms of the indirect object/object distinction, or its equivalent in phrase structure terms, the generalization is complicated to state: the direct object becomes the passive subject only if there is no indirect object present; otherwise, the indirect object becomes the subject. On the Functional Information and Functional Structure 23 other hand, the transformation is easy to state if the first noun phrase following the verb is classified as the object and the second bears some other function.