By Thomas J. Pluckhahn
The first finished and systematic research of a forest interval ceremonial center.
Kolomoki, some of the most notable archaeological websites within the southeastern usa, comprises at the very least 9 huge earthen mounds within the reduce Chattahoochee River valley of southwest Georgia. the biggest, Mound A, rises nearly 20 meters above the terrace that borders it. From its flat-topped summit, a customer can survey the string of smaller mounds that shape an arc to the south and west.
Archaeological learn had formerly put Kolomoki in the Mississippian interval (ca. A.D. 1000-1500) basically as a result of measurement and type of the mounds. yet this publication offers facts for the most interval of profession and mound building that ascertain an past date, within the wooded area interval (ca. A.D. 350-750). even if the long-standing confusion over Kolomoki’s courting has now been settled, questions stay in regards to the lifeways of its population. Thomas Pluckhahn's learn has recovered proof in regards to the point of website career and the home kinds and day-by-day lives of its dwellers. He offers the following a brand new, revised heritage of Kolomoki from its founding to its eventual abandonment, with specific recognition to the economic climate and rite on the settlement.
This research makes a huge contribution to the knowledge of heart variety societies, quite the way during which rite may perhaps either point and intensify prestige differentiation inside of them. It offers a readable evaluate of 1 of an important yet traditionally least understood prehistoric local American websites within the United States.
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Extra resources for Kolomoki: Settlement, Ceremony, and Status in the Deep South, A.D. 350 to 750
16 chapter 2 Seriation of Ceramics Before reviewing the ceramic assemblage from test units, some general observations regarding the complete assemblage from the site are in order. I have thus far counted and weighed more than 100,000 sherds from Kolomoki. This total includes about 60,000 sherds from previous work at the site and more than 40,000 from my own investigations. Although a large fraction of the collection is too small or eroded to identify with certainty, only about 500 sherds—or less than one percent of the overall assemblage—bear surface decoration or temper consistent with Mississippian types.
Broadly speaking, Deptford wares are the earliest in the region, followed by the Swift Creek type, which in turn is gradually replaced by the Weeden Island series (Caldwell 1978; Knight and Mistovich 1984; Schnell 1998; Willey 1949). Knight and his colleagues have de¤ned this sequence for the Chattahoochee Valley (Knight and Mistovich 1984; Mistovich and Knight 1986; Schnell 1998; Schnell and Knight 1978). ). c. d. 1), characterized the tempor al, ecological, and cultur al contexts 17 by assemblages with a mixture of Deptford Check Stamped and Deptford Simple Stamped wares and Swift Creek Complicated Stamped.
There is a marked increase over the preceding Early Woodland, with an emphasis on settlement on the ®oodplain of the Chattahoochee River. Little of the original survey data from Jim Woodruff Dam and Lake Seminole, south of Kolomoki at the con®uence of the Flint and Chattahoochee Rivers, has been published. However, components dating after the main period of occupation at Kolomoki, as indicated by Wakulla Check Stamped pottery, appear to have been most prevalent (Bullen 1950; Kelly 1950). More recent surveys have also identi¤ed signi¤cant numbers of Middle and Late Woodland sites (White 1981).