By Douglas Zhihua Zeng
Africa is at the stream, demonstrating lately an important power for financial development. even though the area nonetheless faces many demanding situations, it's also producing wallet of financial power within the kind of company clusters which are contributing to nationwide, neighborhood, and native productiveness. via case examples from Ghana, Kenya, Mauritius, Nigeria, South Africa, Tanzania, and Uganda, this publication offers an figuring out of ways those dynamic company clusters have been shaped and feature developed, and the way wisdom, human capital, and expertise have contributed to their good fortune.
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Extra info for Knowledge, Technology, and Cluster-Based Growth in Africa (WBI Development Studies) (Wbi Development Studies)
Historically, these large tracts of land were owned (through leasehold) by white settlers. For example, Lord Delamere Estates owns most of the land around the town of Naivasha. Both white settlers and the government have leased out fallow land to large-scale commercial flower growers. • Soil and climate conducive to horticultural production. The soils, temperature, and annual rainfall of Lake Naivasha provide favorable conditions for cut flower production. • Proximity to Jomo Kenyatta International Airport.
For example, private institutions could provide need-based training. It is also recommended that managers of MSEs support process and product upgrading and, even more importantly, raise the skill level of their workforce. Organizing programs to raise managers’ awareness of new machines and technologies would be one way to accomplish this. There is a need to subsidize the cost of new equipment so that new technologies become economically viable for small firms. The services of organizations specializing in business and technology development should be used to assist enterprises in adopting new technologies and generating innovations.
Sheds and other structures in the Kamukunji cluster were constructed in the 1980s and meant for only a few artisans. The population has since increased to 5,000. With overcrowding, it is difficult for entrepreneurs to guard their trade secrets since all production work is done in the open. Questions arise about when technological and knowledge spillover are positive for growth and when they involve the illegal imitation of other people’s work. Recommendations Sanitation, lighting and electricity for industrial use, and links between the cluster and learning institutions—all must be upgraded if the cluster is to continue to grow and become more productive.