By Paul Saka
Based on truth-conditional semantics, to provide an explanation for the which means of a press release is to specify the stipulations important and enough for its fact. This ebook develops a extra radical mentalist semantics by way of moving the thing of semantic inquiry. Classical semantics analyzes an summary sentence or utterance resembling "Grass is green"; in attitudinal semantics the thing of inquiry is a propositional perspective comparable to "Speaker so-and-so thinks grass is green".
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Extra resources for How to Think about Meaning
Because success is largely a comparative notion, my primary objective is to develop a theory that works better than all rivals in the sort of research areas listed. In order to set the stage for my project, therefore, I shall briefly review the major theories of meaning now available, and say a bit about their strengths and weaknesses. 3. The State of Play In this section I shall conduct another quick tour of the theory of meaning, but this time instead of identifying question areas I will report on some of the leading approaches taken to providing answers.
9). 6 Minimalism and Contextualism According to minimalism, linguistic meaning is minimally or narrowly context-dependent. Relative to a narrow context, one that fixes the reference of pronouns, tense, and a restricted number of other obvious indexicals, and relative to a given state of affairs, a disambiguated sentence is determinately true or false. The truth-value of an expression is determined by its compositional articulation plus the facts of the matter. Such is the classical view (Stanley 2002, 2005, Borg 2004, Cappelen & Lepore 2005a).
The speech act of referring is to be explained by giving examples of paradigmatic referring expressions” (p. 28), he writes, and “it is characteristic of these expressions that their utterance serves to pick out or identify one ‘object’ or ‘entity’ or ‘particular’ apart from other objects, about which the speaker then goes on to say something” (p. 26). Putting this in biconditional form, I think that Searle means that S typically uses term x to refer to object o iff S uses x to pick out or identify o.