By C. Emdad Haque (auth.)
This booklet advanced from a collaborative study venture among the collage of Manitoba, Canada and Jahangirnagar college, Bangladesh, which began in 1984 to review the issues of river channel migration, rural inhabitants displacement and land relocation in Bangladesh. The examine was once subsidized by means of the overseas improvement examine heart (IDRC), established in Ottawa, Canada. It used to be via this undertaking that i began my trip into catastrophe examine greater than 13 years in the past with primarily an utilized challenge of big importance in Bangladesh. I spent - and-a half-years, in phases, in Bangladesh's riparian villages to gather the empirical information for this research. Then the transforming into catastrophe discourse through the Nineteen Eighties, specially its conceptual and theoretical components, drew me in additional, gluing my curiosity to those concerns. within the Nineteen Nineties, in the course of my examine and instructing at Brandon college, Canada, i noticed that, regardless of the massive physique of literature on traditional mess ups, there has been no paintings that synthesized the techniques to nature-triggered failures in a accomplished shape, with adequate empirical substantiation. additionally, regardless of the good deal of realization given to failures in Bangladesh, i discovered no unique reference e-book at the subject. common risks and mess ups, for my part, will be studied below a holistic framework encompassing the normal surroundings, society and participants. Overreaction to the constraints of technocratic-scientific approaches-the keep an eye on and prevention of actual occasions via really expert wisdom and skills-has led to a decision for "taking the naturalness out of traditional disasters.
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Extra info for Hazards in a Fickle Environment: Bangladesh
ENVIRONMENTALREFUGEES'ORENVIRONMENTALLYDISPLACED PERSONS (EIDS) Defining 'Environmental Refugees' The term environmental refugee is not one which is officially accepted by national and state governments, or international agencies, yet it is widely used within both the academic community and development agencies. Despite the increasing significance of environment-related population displacements, 14 analysts are still far away from reaching a common definition of environmental refugees. In fact, many writers have encountered the problematic task of defining the people who are displaced by environmental processes and changes (Cardy, 1994; Kibreab, 1994; Lassailly-Jacob and Zmolek, 1992; McGregor, 1993; 1995; Westing, 1992a; 1992b).
DISASTERS · technologies · institutions • social valuesl ideologies MACRO-LEVEL SYSTEMS Human Coping Thresholds ENVIRONMENTAL "HAZARDS EVENTS N U. ~ ~ i ~. o 8- sa ~ ,. i ::I: 26 Chapter 1 Brazilian job-seeker. , (1994: 1O) argue that if the structure of urban landownership and rent means that the closest they can get to economic opportunities is a hillside slum, people will locate there regardless of the landslide risk. My own investigations in the coastal zones of Bangladesh reaffirm that because of agricultural and salt-producing economic opportunities, the marginal and poor tend to live in highly cyclone-prone islands (Haque, 1995; Haque and Blair, 1992).
The central issue thus is the problem posed by the dualistic concept of "nature-culture" and its epistemological implications. Furthermore, Descola and Palsson argue that the interpretations of nature and human relations in anthropology in general have reflected a strong ethnocentric view. In many cases the nature-culture dichotomy supported a series of analytical tools for apparently antithetical research programs. For example, "materialists" tried to adopt natural scientific models of causal explanation anticipating a stronger foundation and a wider scope for social studies.