Download Guilt and shame : essays in French literature, thought and by Jenny Chamarette, Jenny Higgins PDF

By Jenny Chamarette, Jenny Higgins

As theoretical positions and as affective reports, the dual currents of contrition - guilt and disgrace - permeate literary discourse and determine prominently in discussions of ethics, historical past, sexuality and social hierarchy. This number of essays, on French and francophone prose, poetry, drama, visible artwork, cinema and idea, assesses guilt and disgrace with regards to buildings of social morality, language and self-expression, the deliberating trauma, and the ethics of forgiveness. The authors technique their topics through shut readings and comparative examine, drawing on such thinkers as Adorno, Derrida, Jankélévitch and Irigaray. via those they give thought to works starting from the medieval Roman de los angeles rose via to Gustave Moreau’s Symbolist portray, Giacometti’s sculpture, the flicks of Marina de Van and up to date sub-Saharan African writing. the gathering offers an état-présent of considering on guilt and disgrace in French reports, and is the 1st to gather paintings in this subject starting from the 13th to the twenty-first century. The e-book comprises 9 contributions in English and 4 in French

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4 5 Au Moyen Age, le suicide, marque du désespoir, a un caractère sacrilège, puisqu’il trahit un manque de foi en la miséricorde divine, pourtant, les romans antiques et ceux de Chrétien de Troyes sont un champ où surgit et s’exprime le désir de mort, quand bien même il n’est pas réalisé. Cf. M-N. Toury, La tentation du suicide dans le roman français du XIIe siècle (Paris: Champion, 1979). Il persiste dans sa vocation chevaleresque en dépit de son infortune, de même que dans le Conte du Graal où sous les sarcasmes d’une demoiselle, il est contraint d’enfourcher un roussin obtus, après qu’on lui a volé Gringalet.

On peut rapprocher ce couple victime de la dérision de la cour, et de Keu en particulier, de celui du Beau Mauvais et de la naine Rosette la Blonde qui elle aussi a été victime d’un enchantement dans le Didot-Perceval. Mais le chevalier est dans ce roman incapable de défendre sa prétention à appeler sa dame la plus belle demoiselle du monde, il est ainsi vaincu par Perceval dont il doit se constituer le prisonnier. The Didot Perceval, according to the manuscripts of Modena and Paris, ed. W. Roach (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1941), 187–95.

Gauvain accepte la vérité honteuse de son statut dégradé. Pourtant cette confession ne fait qu’exciter le rire de ses interlocuteurs: ‘Et quant la damoisele l’oï et li chevalier l’entendirent, si conmencierent a rire’, ce qui fait glisser le texte du pathétique au comique. Cela accélère pourtant le dénouement puisque la demoiselle accepte alors de délivrer Gauvain de sa malédiction, à condition qu’il promette de toujours se comporter en bon chevalier. La transformation en nain est donc vécue comme honteuse pour le chevalier qui la subit et elle provoque la risée de ceux qu’il rencontre.

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