Download Groundwater in the Arab Middle East by Wolfgang Wagner PDF

By Wolfgang Wagner

The ebook provides an summary of winning hydrogeologic stipulations within the Arab center East including the geologic heritage. Emphasis is given to relationships among the most positive factors influencing the hydrogeologic stipulations - local geologic advancements, paleogeographic stipulations, morphology, weather and paleo-climate - and the ensuing hydrogeologic good points: formation of aquifers, distribution of significant aquifers, major groundwater circulate platforms, prevalence of renewable and fossil groundwater. mentioned information on hydraulic aquifer parameters, recharge premiums and groundwater circulation volumes are evaluated so one can arrive at attribute values less than the explicit hydrogeologic and weather conditions. the realm thought of covers nearly the Arabian Plate. details at the following nations is incorporated: Bahrain, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, United Arab Emirates, West financial institution and Gaza, Yemen.

Show description

Read or Download Groundwater in the Arab Middle East PDF

Best alternative & renewable books

Onshore and Offshore Wind Energy: An Introduction

A hugely obtainable and authoritative account of wind energy’s clinical history, present know-how, and foreign prestige, with an emphasis on huge generators and wind farms, either onshore and offshore subject matters coated contain: a quick heritage of wind strength the character of the wind turbine aerodynamics, mechanics, and electrics wind farms offshore possibilities and demanding situations grid integration of wind power financial and environmental points while intellectually rigorous, this isn't an educational treatise.

Practical Handbook of Photovoltaics. Fundamentals and Applications

As a part of the starting to be sustainable and renewable strength move, the layout, manufacture and use of photovoltaic units is expanding in velocity and frequency. The guide of Photovoltaics may be a 'benchmark' ebook for these excited about the layout, manufacture and use of those units. The instruction manual covers the foundations of sun mobile functionality, the uncooked fabrics, photovoltaic platforms, criteria, calibration, checking out, economics and case reports.

Solar Energy Conversion Systems

Solar power conversion calls for a special frame of mind from conventional power engineering so one can verify distribution, scales of use, structures layout, predictive monetary versions for fluctuating sun assets, and making plans to deal with brief cycles and social adoption. solar power Conversion platforms examines solar power conversion as an integrative layout strategy, utilizing structures considering easy methods to an excellent wisdom base for creators of solar power structures.

Offshore wind farms : technologies, design and operation

Offshore Wind Farms: applied sciences, layout and Operation offers the newest details on offshore wind strength, considered one of Europe’s so much promising and speedy maturing industries, and a most likely large untapped renewable strength resource which may give a contribution considerably in the direction of european 20-20-20 renewable strength iteration goals.

Extra info for Groundwater in the Arab Middle East

Sample text

The carbonate rocks are karstified in some areas and are part of a complex aquifer system, which extends from the outcrop belt eastward and northeastward until the Euphrates and the Gulf. The Paleogene aquifer system constitutes one of the most important groundwater reservoirs in eastern Saudi Arabia and the Gulf area. The groundwater is, however, prevailingly fossil, present-day recharge is very limited according to the arid climate conditions. g. in Qatar. The Umm er Radhuma formation generally comprises a joint aquifer together with the upper part of the Cretaceous Aruma limestones, while the lower part of Aruma formation acts as aquitard separating the Umm er Radhuma–Aruma aquifer from underlying sandstone aquifers.

Marine ingressions inundated the basin zones during the Mesozoic and early Paleogene as narrow sea-arm invasions. Jurassic–Cretaceous fluviatile, epicontinental and marine sediments were deposited in graben and basin structures on the margins of the shield, such as the Marib–Jawf graben, but also in a belt of graben systems within the shield between Sada, Sanaa and Taiz (Beydoun 1991; Kruck et al. 1996). Rift movements in the Tertiary caused the break-up of the Nubo-Arabian Shield along the Gulf of Aden–Red Sea structure and the Arabian Shield was uplifted on the shoulders of the rift graben to elevations of presently up to >3,000 m asl.

The Wajid basin in the south of the Arabian Peninsula, which is covered by Paleozoic sandstones, may be considered a southern continuation of the Interior Shelf. Structural elements separating the different segments are: the Hail–Rutba arch between the Tabuk and Widyan segments, the Wadi el Batin fault between the Widyan and northern Tuwayq segments, and the central Arabian arch between the northern and southern Tuwayq segments. The Tabuk segment in the north and the Wajid segment (Wajid basin, Wajid sandstone plateau) correspond to Paleozoic intracratonic basins, which have been consolidated as structural highs with mainly Paleozoic cover.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.35 of 5 – based on 45 votes