By Richard A. Caulfield
Whaling has been vital to the lifetime of Greenland's Inuit peoples for no less than 4000 years, yet political, fiscal, technological, and regulatory alterations have altered this historical perform. Richard A. Caulfield finds those affects first by way of reading domestic Rule and its good fortune in Greenland, after which through taking a look at whaling's position within the modern Greenlandic economic system and its evolving co-management regime. What emerges from his research is an complex net connecting traditions of indigenous peoples, the guarantees and pitfalls of co-management, the impression of overseas whaling rules, the complexities of sustainability, and the ability of culturally made up our minds perspectives shaping relationships among people and their atmosphere. Caulfield unearths that controversy over whaling frequently arises from conflicting notion platforms, instead of confrontation over organic source administration. figuring out the methods Greenlanders and out of doors pursuits have outlined and negotiated those conflicts "gives us greater than simply an perception into how indigenous peoples are dealing with a altering world," he writes. "It additionally presents us with a feeling of the demanding situations we are facing as well."
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Extra info for Greenlanders, Whales, and Whaling: Sustainability and Self-Determination in the Arctic (Arctic Visions Series)
Inuit spiritual beliefs and practices governed hunters' relationships with whales, and the small and Page 7 dispersed Greenlandic population had little impact on whale resources. As long as hunters maintained a proper spiritual relationship with their prey, there was little need for a more formalized system of property rights. European whalers decimated bowhead stocks in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, however, severely disrupting Greenlandic whaling. Danish authorities undermined Greenlandic customs and traditions, including those associated with whaling.
Today, Greenland's dependence on the world economy is striking. 9 Greenland markets shrimp throughout the world, to customers as far away as London and Tokyo. Nearly three-quarters of all Greenlanders work in the wage economy. Less than 20 percent make their livelihood predominantly from household-based hunting and fishing; furthermore, social differentiation in Greenlandic society is increasing, with some 15 percent of the population earning over 50 percent of all taxable income. The state is a major player in virtually all sectors of Greenland's economy.
This book explores these conflicts through an analysis of Greenland's management regime for whaling. "4 Greenland's whaling management regime is particularly useful for highlighting relationships between indigenous self-determination and sustainability. In recent years, indigenous peoples around the world have begun to develop mechanisms for co-management of renewable resources. 5 It can include an array of institutional innovations at various levels designed to ensure sustainable and equitable use of renewable resources.