Download Global Economic Prospects 2009: Commodities at the by The World Bank PDF

By The World Bank

The eruption of the global monetary hindrance has notably recast customers for the area financial system. international financial clients 2009 analyzes the results of the main issue for low- and middle-income international locations, together with an in-depth examine long term clients for worldwide commodity markets and the guidelines of either commodity generating and eating international locations. constructing international locations face sharply larger borrowing bills and decreased entry to capital, slicing into their capability to finance funding spending. The looming recession offers new hazards, coming because it does at the heels of the hot nutrition and gas situation. Commodity markets, in the meantime, are at a crossroads. Following many years of low costs and vulnerable funding in offer potential, commodity costs first spiked and feature now plummeted according to the monetary concern. within the longer run, commodities should not anticipated to be in brief offer. costs might be larger than they have been within the Nineteen Nineties yet a lot less than within the contemporary prior. those larger costs should still offer manufacturers with enough incentive to find new provides, enhance output from current assets, and advertise higher conservation and substitution with extra considerable possible choices. even as, slower inhabitants development will ease the speed at which commodity call for grows. rules to restrict carbon emissions and develop agricultural funding, besides the dissemination of effective suggestions, must also give a contribution to this long term end result. This 12 months s worldwide fiscal customers additionally appears at govt responses to the new rate increase.

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Countries that now have large current account deficits and high inflation could suffer from a renewed overheating of their economies. Policies would have to be very prudent in these circumstances, because the currencies of these countries are likely to remain sensitive to changing market perceptions and increased risk aversion. 10363_Pg15_50:10363_Pg15_50 11/29/08 7:05 AM Page 19 P R O S P E C T S The challenge for policy makers is not only to prevent an escalation of the crisis and to mitigate the downturn but also to ensure a good starting position once the rebound sets in.

East Asia and Pacific: China, Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, and Thailand. South Asia: India. Europe and Central Asia: Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Russian Federation, and Turkey. Latin America and the Caribbean: Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, and Mexico. Middle East and North Africa: Arab Republic of Egypt. SubSaharan Africa: Nigeria, and South Africa. a. Quarterly data, year-over-year growth. inflation. 12). No region or country is likely to escape this growth recession. 1 percent advance is predicated upon a relatively quick improvement in financial and growth conditions among the high-income countries, a prospect currently subject to a high degree of uncertainty.

The Icelandic government took a 75 percent equity stake in Glitnir, the country’s third-largest bank. The Swedish central bank announced that it would lend up to $700 million to the Swedish unit of the Icelandic bank Kaupthing. Ireland announced unlimited guarantees on retail, commercial, and interbank bank deposits. Similar measures were adopted in Austria, Denmark, Germany, Greece, Iceland, Italy, and Portugal. Sweden, the United Kingdom, and the United States raised limits on deposit guarantees.

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