By Noriko Hikosaka Behling
Fuel Cells: present know-how demanding situations and destiny study Needs is a extraordinary, definitive reference resource for technical scholars, researchers, executive policymakers, and company leaders. right here in one quantity is a radical evaluate of presidency, company, and study associations’ rules and courses regarding gasoline cellphone improvement, and the results of these courses at the luck or failure of gasoline phone tasks. The booklet describes particular, inner company and educational R&D actions, degrees of funding, innovations for know-how acquisition, and purposes for fulfillment and failure.
This quantity presents an summary of prior and current projects to enhance and commercialize gas telephone applied sciences, in addition to context and research to aid strength traders investigate present gasoline mobile commercialization actions and destiny clients. Crucially, it additionally offers best govt policymakers and corporate presidents precise coverage tips about what can be performed to effectively commercialize gasoline mobilephone technologies.
- Provides a transparent and impartial photo of present gas phone learn programs
- Outlines destiny examine needs
- Offers concrete coverage recommendations
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Extra resources for Fuel Cells. Current Technology Challenges and Future Research Needs
1. 2. Francis T. 3. 1. 2. 3. 4. 1. 1. 2. 2. 1. 2. 3. 3. 4. 5. 5. 1. 2. P. 3. 4. 5. 6. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. V. All rights reserved. 38 3. 1. OVERVIEW The first alkaline fuel cell (AFC) was built in 1939 by British engineer Francis T. Bacon, 100 years after Grove invented the fuel cell. Bacon’s research was interrupted by World War II, and it was not until 1959 that he finally built a 6 kW AFC system and demonstrated it as a power source for a forklift truck, welding machine, and a circular saw. Although Bacon did not succeed in commercialization of his invention, the US company Pratt & Whitney [part of United Technologies Corporation (UTC)], which took a license on Bacon’s patents, developed an AFC to supply the electricity and water for life support, guidance, and communications for the Apollo Lunar Landing Mission.
A Press Release, UTC Power. 4 March 2008. Review of combined heat and power technologies. US: Office of Industrial Technologies, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, US Department of Energy; October 1999. Samuelsen Scott. Stationary fuel cell technology. US: National Fuel Cell Research Center; 9 July 2008. html; [accessed August 2008]. Carlson Eric, Zogg Robert, Sriramulu Suresh, Roth Kurt, Brodrick James. Using phosphoric-acid fuel cells for distributed generation. In: ASHRAE Journal, vol.
1 The capacities of these stacks range from 2 to 12 kW. One approach to further scale up would be to combine small stacks in a modular fashion into a larger system. Recent studies have implied, however, that this would lead to rather complex manifolding arrangements for a very large numbers of cells. For example, a 1 MW system would require at least two hundred 5 kW stacks. The complexity, cost, and pressure loss problems associated with such massive modularization undoubtedly are daunting. A number of significant issues may impede or 35 delay progress in scaling up cells and individual single stacks: • The larger the cells, the more severe the effects of thermal expansion mismatches among materials, creating thermal stress at the interfaces between the different cell and stack materials, causing mechanical degradation.