By Antoni Munné, Antoni Ginebreda, Narcís Prat
This ebook info the reports won by means of the Catalan Water organization (ACA) in a Mediterranean watershed – the Catalan River Basin District – following the release of the european Water Framework Directive (WFD) within the 12 months 2000. specialists in rivers, reservoirs, lakes, wetlands and estuaries current thirteen chapters defining instruments for water-status evaluation especially tailored to Mediterranean stipulations. The content material of this and the significant other quantity Experiences from floor, Coastal and Transitional Water caliber tracking: the ecu Water Framework Directive Implementation within the Catalan River Basin District (Part II) are the results of a good collaboration among the ACA and several other Catalan universities and examine facilities to deal with new demanding situations supplied by way of the WFD tracking necessities. the quantity serves as an invaluable consultant for environmental managers and scientists engaged in different eu in addition to Non-European river basins.
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Additional info for Experiences from Surface Water Quality Monitoring: The EU Water Framework Directive Implementation in the Catalan River Basin District (Part I)
Torne´s E, Leira M, Sabater S (2012) Is the biological classification of benthic diatom communities concordant with ecotypes? Hydrobiologia 695:43–55 18. Almeida SF, Elias C, Ferreira J, Torne´s E, Puccinelli C, Delmas F, D€ orflinger G, Urbanicˇ G, Marcheggiani S, Rosebery J, Mancini L, Sabater S (2014) Water quality assessment of rivers using diatom metrics across Mediterranean Europe: a methods intercalibration exercise. Sci Total Environ 476:768–776 19. Munne´ A, Prat N (2009) Use of macroinvertebrate-based multimetric indices for water quality evaluation in Spanish Mediterranean rivers: an intercalibration approach with the IBMWP index.
We picked the worst result as the final ecological status) can provide misleading results and uncertainties. So, a smart analysis is necessary combining quality elements and uncertainties must be solved when classifying water status. For this reason, the ACA is proposing to classify water body status in four categories: “good”, “good with uncertainties”, “bad with uncertainties”, and “bad” (Table 8). “Good status” is set when all quality elements are high or good. Nevertheless, when hydromorphological quality is bad or poor, or when almost all quality elements are high or good, but some chemical or biological elements show some values with poor or bad, then “good with uncertainties” quality class is set.
Nebra A, Caiola N, Iba´~ inhabiting a highly stratified Mediterranean estuary. Sci Mar 75:577–584 35. Nebra A, Caiola N, Mu~ noz-Camarillo G, Rodrı´guez-Climent S, Iba´~ nez C (2014) Towards a suitable ecological status assessment of highly stratified Mediterranean estuaries: a comparison of benthic invertebrate fauna indices. Ecol Indic 46:177–187 36. Rovira L, Trobajo R, Iba´~ nez C (2009) Periphytic diatom community in a Mediterranean salt wedge estuary: the Ebro Estuary (NE Iberian Peninsula).