By Gita Gopal
As a part of the Bank's poverty aid mandate, the Bank's 1994 Operational coverage on Gender Dimensions of improvement aimed to minimize gender disparity and raise the participation of girls within the monetary improvement in their nations. This assessment examines the relevance and result of this coverage.
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Extra info for Evaluating a Decade of World Bank Gender Policy: 1990-1999
Because the information in ICRs on gender-differentiated results varied considerably and was usually insufficient to provide a picture of outcomes,4 desk reviews were supplemented with participatory assessments in selected countries (Bangladesh, Ecuador, India, the Philippines, Poland, Sri Lanka, Vietnam, and Zambia) to ascertain the perceptions of male and female beneficiaries of Bank-financed projects. Project audits were conducted in Côte d’Ivoire and The Gambia. The desk review and field assessments in 10 countries were themselves supplemented by a number of participatory meetings.
In Ecuador, the Republic of Yemen, and Vietnam, for example, a satisfactory gender analysis was undertaken only in the late 1990s, which made it less relevant for the decade under consideration. In Côte d’Ivoire, The Gambia, and Zambia, WID assessments remained internal documents. In Poland, even women’s NGOs were not aware of the in-depth examination of gender issues in the PAs. 1 Gender Assessments Gender is often only In addition to the formal taken into account in ESW, the Bank also prepared the health and gender assessments in 8 of the 27 sample countries.
He argues that supporting such activities would reinforce the role of women as agents of change. 18 The nature of Bank clients has shifted since Eastern European countries were admitted and the economy of East Asia changed. 3 Despite the evidence of a correlation between countries with higher per capita incomes and better status of women (World Bank 2001), gender issues in these countries continue to persist (Sen 1992, p. 125). For example, there is increasing evidence that the failure to address gender issues in Eastern Europe has led to a deterioration in the status of women’s employment (World Bank 1999a).