By Stephanie Dalley
Why are the names of the executive characters within the biblical booklet of Esther these of Mesopotamian deities? Stephanie Dalley argues that the narrative displays genuine happenings in seventh-century Assyria, the place the common trust that revenge belongs to the gods explains why Assyrian kings defined punitive campaigns as divine acts, resulting in the mythologizing of yes ancient occasions. Ashurbanipal's sack of Susa, led by means of the deities Ishtar and Marduk, underlies the Hebrew tale of Esther, and that tale includes lines of the cultic calendar of Ishtar-of-Nineveh. Dalley strains the way the long term payment of `lost tribes' in Assyria, printed by way of the end result of excavation in Iraq and Syria, encouraged a mix of pagan and Jewish traditions.
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Additional info for Esther's Revenge at Susa: From Sennacherib to Ahasuerus
Sargon and Sennacherib 15 expression sometimes used to encapsulate achievements abroad during this time. Whereas during previous centuries Assyria had emphasized conquest by brute force according to the polemic of all ambitious rulers, whether they were Hittite, Hebrew,10 Egyptian, or Persian, the way expansion was described changed during the late eighth and seventh centuries, which suggests a change of attitude, and, perhaps, policy. With sustainable trade in mind, Assyrian kings ruled not only by conquest but also through treaties, exerting inXuence through a network of client-kings and foreign agents by co-operation and marriage alliances.
Gibson, Textbook of Syrian Semitic Inscriptions, ii. Aramaic Inscriptions (Oxford: Oxford University Press 1975), 81. 12 Alternative English spelling Athaliah. Sennacherib’s mother may have been an older queen. See E. v. Sin-ahhe-erı¯ba, in K. Radner et al. ), The Prosopography of the Neo-Assyrian Empire (Helsinki: The Neo-Assyrian Text Corpus Project 2002), iii/1. 1114, for a biography of the king and his family and the uncertainties over some of the details. 16 Sargon and Sennacherib Fig. 2. Sennacherib in his chariot, stone sculpture from Nineveh.
Augustin, 1975), 76. 20 Radner, Prosopography (1998), i. v. Ahat-abisˇa. Sargon and Sennacherib 19 Ambaris with an anti-Assyrian coalition impelled Sargon to march to distant Cilicia and punish them for their disloyalty. Exactly what happened is uncertain, but the Eponym Chronicle records the event in its usual laconic style: ‘In the eponym year of Nashur-Bel, governor of Amedi, the king [went to Cilicia] against Gurdi the Kulummaean [ . . ’21 The king’s death in battle was not simply a personal disaster and a national emergency.