By Augusta Dimou
Discusses the advent of socialist ideology as an choice of political modernity within the Balkans within the overdue 19th and early 20th century.
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Additional resources for Entangled Paths Towards Modernity
Working for and in the name of science did not imply isolation from life and its burning questions. ” Any knowledgeable human being who shunned the task of actualizing progress was aiding stagnation and routine. The moral duty of the agent of progress was to preach, gain supporters and organize. At the same time, the critically thinking individual had to develop a self-reflexive attitude towards the dominant system, fight systemic influences within him/herself through a process of reeducation and selfdistancing from normative certainties.
Education therefore became a crucial asset for ascendance to the state class. Although it would be an exaggeration to claim that every educated person was a potential civil servant, this would not be far from the truth. State service and the educational sector were the most promising employment opportu- 18 II. Intellectuals nities for educated and (over)specialized cadres in societies where the public sphere was essentially confined and where the state remained the most resourceful employer. States like Serbia and Bulgaria would consciously attempt to engineer their educated personnel by providing state traveling scholarships.
The task of the individual was thus to trace and to unite with his similarly minded comrades. Unity in a social force and paradigmatic existence were of primary significance: Not words alone but deeds are needed. Vigorous, fanatical men are needed who will risk everything and are prepared to sacrifice everything. Martyrs are needed, whose legend will far outgrow their true worth and their actual service. Energy they never had will be attributed to them; the best ideas and the best sentiments of their followers will be put into their mouths.