By Phillip O'Hara
This authoritative paintings is the 1st totally refereed A-Z compendium of the most thoughts, difficulties, associations, faculties and guidelines linked to political financial system. The entries emphasize the applying of the foundations of political economic climate to actual international difficulties reminiscent of inflation, unemployment, improvement and fiscal instability, and supply important feedback for extra studying. The paintings covers the entire significant parts during this becoming box. as well as serving as an authoritative reference resource for all degrees, this paintings deals a entire creation to the sphere for undergraduates taking classes in political financial system or graduate scholars coming to the sphere for the 1st time.
Entries contain: anarchism, bioeconomics, enterprise ethics, contradictions, company targets, monetary crises, international reduction, video game conception, international liberalism, nice melancholy, business kin, Karl Marx, patriarchy, precapitalist international structures, racism, rationality, Schumpeterian festival, social textile matrix, social salary, Piero Sraffa.
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Extra info for Encyclopedia of Political Economy
Executive Order 11246 of 1965 not only required federal contracts to contain clauses prohibiting employment discrimination by race, color, religion or national origin, but also required each contractor to set up an enforcement mechanism to actually oversee the implementation of affirmative action. Executive Order 11375 of 1967 added sex to the list of characteristics for which discrimination was prohibited. There- fore, “affirmative action” has become the popular name for Executive Orders 11246 and 11375.
Revival of debate The revival of the populist-Marxist debate in the 1970s and early 1980s is also closely associated with the contemporary agrarian question. ” Some authors have stressed a putative efficiency and viability of small farming and have attributed it to a certain type of dualism. This dualism is functional to industrial capital, because overexploitation of family labor and cheap food produced by small farms imply the reproduction of labor power at a low cost. This dualism presumably implies a stable reproduction and a subsumption of small family farming to urban capitalism.
1964) “Advertising and Competition,” Journal of Political Economy 72 (December): 547–51. CLARK ELEANOR DOYLE 5 affirmative action affirmative action Definition and nature Affirmative action is a term for policies, either legally mandated or voluntarily negotiated, that require taking positive actions to eliminate discrimination. This includes discrimination by demographic characteristics such as race/ethnicity, gender, age and religious affiliation in areas such as employment, the awarding of government contracts, and admission to public higher educational institutions.