By Malcolm G. Anderson, Jeffrey J. McDonnell
With the expanding pressures at the availability and exploitation of clean water assets via inhabitants elevate, toxins and degradation of assets, and adaptations in distribution from nearby and worldwide switch within the weather, compilation of data during this region has turn into a prerequisite for schooling and coaching of working towards and examine hydrologists. The Encyclopedia of Hydrological Sciences is the definitive study point multi-volume remedy of this crucial topic.
Written and edited via top around the globe experts within the box, and comprising approximately two hundred huge articles, the Encyclopedia presents designated, proficient insurance of the topic. Organised into 17 themed elements for the reader's ease of navigation, it deals up to date, scientifically rigorous info on all key facets of the topic, from sub-catchment to the worldwide scale, in a handy and credible manner.
- Written via over 2 hundred contributors
- Available either in print and online
- Ideal for researchers in either academia and industry
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Extra info for Encyclopedia of Hydrological Sciences
Averaging all possible realizations on the same location) of the underlying equations. The aggregation methods tend to work very well if (i) the scale of the natural variability to be averaged (such as grains) is small as compared to the scale of the variability to be explicitly represented (such as geologic formations), and (ii) if the small-scale variability is random and does not exhibit organized patterns. Hydrologic variability tends to exhibit organized patterns such as preferential flow and variability tends to occur at all scales, so the upscaling methods have not been used as widely in practice as would be merited by their theoretical underpinnings.
Sediment and nutrient loads) than in the snapshots as can be obtained in dedicated experiments (see Chapter 92, Water Quality Monitoring, Volume 3). Because of this, much of hydrology is constrained by measurement techniques (see Chapter 122, Rainfall-runoff Modeling: Introduction, Volume 3). This is particularly the case for spatial distributions which are more difficult to sample than time series (Grayson and Bl¨oschl, 2000), especially for hydrological dynamics that take place beneath the ground surface.
1977; Eagleson, 1986; Shuttleworth, 1988; Chapter 32, Models of Global and Regional Climate, Volume 1, Chapter 177, The Role of Large-Scale Field Experiments in Water and Energy Balance Studies, Volume 5). g. groundwater flow and transport) have had significant progress, but in other areas such as catchment hydrology and hill slope hydrology progress has been slower (Bl¨oschl, 2001). e. averaging all possible realizations on the same location) of the underlying equations. The aggregation methods tend to work very well if (i) the scale of the natural variability to be averaged (such as grains) is small as compared to the scale of the variability to be explicitly represented (such as geologic formations), and (ii) if the small-scale variability is random and does not exhibit organized patterns.