By Alexandra Hughes, Alex Hughes, Keith A Reader, Keith Reader
With over seven-hundred entries from a global staff of members, this wide-ranging paintings crosses the normal obstacles among disciplines within the humanities and social sciences and defines French tradition in its broadest sense.
Areas coated include:
* economic system * schooling * movie * foodstuff and wine * gender and sexuality * society * visible arts.
Entries diversity from shorter, authentic contributions to longer evaluation essays, and supply an important context for an individual learning French, in addition to for readers with an curiosity in serious idea and people pursuing comparative reports in eu tradition. to help readers with their study a labeled contents checklist identifies correct entries inside of a selected box. The articles are largely cross-referenced to supply hyperlinks among matters and finish with annotated feedback for additional reading.
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Additional info for Encyclopedia of Contemporary French Culture
1929, Bordeaux Singer, real name Jean-Pierre Miramon Having studied at the Conservatoire, Marcel Amont performed in light operas and musical comedies before turning to cabaret in the 1950s. His very successful career as a solo singer includes appearances at Bobino and the Olympia, tours throughout France and abroad and work on television and in films. Hit songs include the humorous Un Mexicain (A Mexican) and Ping-Pong. IAN PICKUP See also: song/chanson anglomanie/franglais Anglomania began in the eighteenth century with an enthusiasm for all things English, particularly literature and institutions.
Interestingly, the whole question of AIDS as it appears in France has not been polarized by the press as it has been by British journalists, who have created ‘innocent’ (haemophiliacs, children…) and ‘guilty’ (homosexuals, drug users…) victims; it has not tended to be used as an excuse to ‘gay-bash’ or to pick on minorities owing to France’s attitudes towards the public and private life of the individual. Perhaps the most notorious situation relating to AIDS in France is that of the affaire du sang contaminé, which arose in 1985 when it was revealed that the delay in the launch of American testing kits in France until such a time as French ones could be commercialized had resulted in the contamination of blood transfusion stocks and in the subsequent infection of haemophiliacs.
Those judged responsible for the affaire—ministers, doctors and civil servants—were severely criticized. The principal protagonists, including Dr Michel Garetta (former Director of the national Blood Transfusion Service), were sentenced to prison (sentences were confirmed in July 1993). Coincidentally, two more HIV antibody tests were withdrawn in the same year. More general public awareness was increased on the evening of 7 March 1994. An event unique in French history saw all television channels (and some in Belgium and Luxembourg) transmitting Sidaction, a series of programmes about AIDS and those affected by it.