By Shannon M. Barton-Bellessa
According to attractiveness within the past due Nineteen Sixties and early Nineteen Seventies that conventional incarceration was once now not operating, choices to straightforward criminal settings have been sought and built. a type of alternatives―community-based corrections―had been conceived within the Fifties as a method that will turn out extra revolutionary, humane, and powerful, relatively with those that had devoted much less critical felony offenses and for whom incarceration, with consistent publicity to severe offenders and occupation criminals, could turn out extra harmful than rehabilitative. the choice of group corrections has developed to develop into a considerable a part of the felony justice and correctional approach, spurred in recent times no longer loads via a revolutionary, humane philosophy as through dramatically expanding legal populations, courtroom orders to "fix" overextended legal settings, and an monetary look for rate discounts. even supposing group correction courses were in position for a few forty years now, so far no accomplished reference source has tackled this subject. obtainable and jargon-free and on hand in either print and digital codecs, the one-volume Encyclopedia of neighborhood Corrections will discover all facets of group corrections, from its philosophical starting place to its present inception.
Features & Benefits:
- 150 signed entries (each with pass References and additional Readings) are geared up in A-to-Z style to provide scholars quick access to the entire variety of issues in neighborhood corrections.
- A thematic Reader's advisor within the entrance subject teams entries by means of vast topical or thematic components to make it effortless for clients to discover similar entries at a glance.
- In the digital model, the Reader's advisor combines with an in depth Index and the move References to supply clients with handy search-and-browse capacities.
- A Chronology within the again subject is helping scholars positioned person occasions into broader historic context.
- A word list presents scholars with concise definitions to keywords within the field.
- A source advisor to vintage books, journals, and websites (along with the extra Readings accompanying every one access) courses scholars to extra assets of their examine journeys.
- An Appendix bargains information from the Bureau of Justice.
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Additional resources for Encyclopedia of Community Corrections
F. T. Cullen, and B. K. Applegate. 22 (2005). Unnever, J. , F. T. Cullen, and B. S. Fisher. 24/2 (2007). Walker, S. Sense and Non-Sense About Crime, Drugs, and Communities, 7th ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth, 2011. 14 Attitudes of Offenders Toward Community Corrections ATTITUDES OF OFFENDERS TOWARD COMMUNITY CORRECTIONS In the United States, criminal offenders can face a host of potential penalties. Many scholars refer to these varying sanctions as the punishment continuum. Occupying space on this punishment continuum are incarceration and various alternatives to incarceration.
ACTUARIAL RISK ASSESSMENT Administered on offenders at various stages throughout the criminal justice system, risk assessments serve a range of purposes, such as granting early release or parole or determining an appropriate treatment or follow-up plan. The use of such instruments has become increasingly relevant in recent decades because of the increasing number of interventions 3 aimed at violent or sexual offenders and the need to protect the public, particularly when community release is considered or mandated.
48/1 (2010). Unnever, J. , F. T. Cullen, and B. K. Applegate. 27/3 (2010). Unnever, J. , F. T. Cullen, and B. K. Applegate. 22 (2005). Unnever, J. , F. T. Cullen, and B. S. Fisher. 24/2 (2007). Walker, S. Sense and Non-Sense About Crime, Drugs, and Communities, 7th ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth, 2011. 14 Attitudes of Offenders Toward Community Corrections ATTITUDES OF OFFENDERS TOWARD COMMUNITY CORRECTIONS In the United States, criminal offenders can face a host of potential penalties. Many scholars refer to these varying sanctions as the punishment continuum.