Download Encyclopedia of Catholicism (Encyclopedia of World by Frank K. Flinn PDF

By Frank K. Flinn

The Encyclopedia of global Religions sequence has been designed to supply complete insurance of six significant international non secular traditions—Buddhism, Hinduism, Islam, Judaism, Roman Catholicism, and Protestant Christianity. The volumes were developed in an A-to-Z layout to supply a convenient advisor to the key phrases, suggestions, humans, occasions, and businesses that experience, in every one case, reworked the faith from its frequently modest beginnings to the worldwide strength that it has become.In developing those encyclopedias, the test has been made to be finished if no longer exhaustive. As area permits, in nearly 800 entries, every one writer has tried to outline and clarify the fundamental phrases utilized in conversing in regards to the faith, make word of definitive occasions, introduce the main well known figures, and spotlight the foremost firms. The insurance is designed to bring about either a convenient reference instrument for the non secular scholar/specialist and an comprehensible paintings that may be used fruitfully by way of anyone—a pupil, an educated lay individual, or a reader easily desirous to search for a specific individual or idea.The major physique of every encyclopedia is constructed from the nearly 800 entries, prepared alphabetically. those entries contain a few two hundred biographical entries masking eligious figures of word within the culture, with a unique bias to the nineteenth and twentieth centuries and a few emphasis on leaders from varied components of the realm. unique realization has been given to highlighting girl contributions to the culture, an element frequently neglected, as faith in all traditions has till lately been principally a male-dominated affair.

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Of his numerous illegitimate children, he made his son Cesare Borgia (1475–1507) ARCHBISHOP of Valencia and a cardinal before he was 20 years of age and then released him from his clerical status to lead the armies that secured the PAPAL STATES in central Italy. Nicoló Machiavelli (1469–1527) was a great admirer of Cesare. Through his daughter Lucretia’s multiple marriages, Alexander was able to forge alliances with the powerful Sforzas of Milan and the d’Estes of Ferrara and Modena. The Dominican reformer of Florence Girolamo SAVONAROLA preached against papal degeneracy and so riled Alexander that the he had him excommunicated and burned at the stake in 1498.

He founded the imperial cathedral school for CHARLEMAGNE at Aix-la-Chapelle (Aachen), where he established the seven liberal arts as the core of K 12 Alexander VI, Pope the curriculum and stimulated the ferment that was later known as the CAROLINGIAN RENAISSANCE. Alcuin was born in Northumbria and educated at the cathedral school of York. In 782 Charlemagne invited him to head the cathedral school of Aix-la-Chapelle, where his program laid the foundation for subsequent Christian ideas of learning and education.

Back in Cologne, Albertus introduced the study of ARISTOTLE into the medieval curriculum. He Further reading: Albertus Magnus, Opera Omnia (Aschendorf: Monasterii Westfalorum, 1951– ); Ingrid Craemer-Ruegenberg, Albertus Magnus (Munich: Beck, 1980); James A. Weisapel, Albertus Magnus and the Sciences (Toronto: Pontifical Medieval Institute, 1980). Albigensians See CATHARI. Alcuin of York (c. 730–804) early medieval scholar and educator The English MONK Alcuin of York, a scholar and Neoplatonic philosopher, played a key role in reviving intellectual and scholarly life in Western Christendom and preserving the heritage of antiquity.

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