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By Frederick J. Murphy

This textbook presents an advent to the second one Temple interval (520 B.C.E.?–70 C.E.), the formative period of early Judaism and the milieu of Jesus and of the earliest Christians. via paying shut cognizance to unique sources?—especially the Bible, the Pseudepigrapha, the useless Sea Scrolls, and Josephus?—Frederick J. Murphy introduces scholars to the area of old Jews and Christians. Early Judaism: The Exile to the Time of Jesus, designed to serve scholars and academics within the school room, may also be of significant curiosity to somebody searching for an entree into this pivotal interval. It comprises feedback for fundamental readings, bibliographies, maps, illustrations, glossaries, and indexes.

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Chapter 1 / Israel Before the Second Temple Period 19 then had Uriah killed and married Bathsheba. Nathan announces God’s condemnation of this transgression and predicts troubles within David’s family. Bathsheba later gives birth to Solomon, and the books of 1 and 2 Kings tell Israel’s story from his reign (ca. E. They begin with Solomon’s ambitious building programs, especially the building of the temple. ). The Bible attributes this to Solomon’s sin in introducing foreign religious influences by marrying many foreign wives.

When your days are fulfilled and you lie down with your ancestors, I will raise up your offspring after you, who shall come forth from your body, and I will establish his kingdom. He shall build a house for my name, and I will establish the throne of his kingdom forever. I will be a father to him, and he shall be a son to me. When he commits iniquity, I will punish him with a rod such as mortals use, with blows inflicted by human beings. But I will not take my steadfast love from him, as I took it from Saul, whom I put away from before you.

May he defend the cause of the poor of the people, give deliverance to the needy, and crush the oppressor. . For he delivers the needy when they call, the poor and those who have no helper. He has pity on the weak and the needy, and saves the lives of the needy. From oppression and violence he redeems their life; and precious is their blood in his sight. (Ps 72:1–2, 4, 12–14) A key passage encapsulating the Davidic royal ideal, which in the Second Temple period becomes the basis of messianic hope, is 2 Sam 7.

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