Download Doing Worlds with Words: Formal Semantics without Formal by J. Peregrin PDF

By J. Peregrin

Doing Worlds with Words throws gentle at the challenge of which means because the assembly aspect of linguistics, good judgment and philosophy, and significantly assesses the chances and obstacles of elucidating the character of which means through formal common sense, version conception and model-theoretical semantics. the most thrust of the publication is to teach that it truly is erroneous to appreciate version thought metaphysically and in an effort to attempt to base formal semantics on whatever like formal metaphysics; quite, the publication states that version idea and related instruments of the research of language could be understood as shooting the semantically proper, in particular inferential, constitution of language. From this vantage element, the reader profits a brand new gentle on some of the conventional strategies and difficulties of good judgment and philosophy of language, resembling that means, reference, fact and the character of formal logic.

Show description

Read or Download Doing Worlds with Words: Formal Semantics without Formal Metaphysics PDF

Similar semantics books

Particles at the Semantics Pragmatics in

The imperative target of this research is to clarify the character of the semantics / pragmatics contrast in either synchrony and diachrony. the writer proposes a definition of semantics and pragmatics that's orthogonal to the query of truth-conditionality, and discusses the prestige of varied forms of which means with appreciate to this definition.

Secondary Predication and Adverbial Modification: The Typology of Depictives

This is often the 1st ebook to technique depictive secondary predication - a sizzling subject in syntax and semantics study - from a crosslinguistic point of view. It maps out the entire suitable phenomena and brings jointly severe surveys and new contributions on their morphosyntactic and semantic houses.

Language, Thought and Reality: Selected Writings of Benjamin Lee Whorf

The pioneering linguist Benjamin Whorf (1897--1941) grasped the courting among human language and human pondering: how language can form our innermost recommendations. His easy thesis is that our notion of the realm and our methods of considering it are deeply encouraged through the constitution of the languages we converse.

Semantics: An International Handbook of Natural Language Meaning

This guide contains, in 3 volumes, an in-depth presentation of the cutting-edge in linguistic semantics from a wide selection of views. It includes 112 articles written via best students from worldwide. those articles current special, but obtainable, introductions to key matters, together with the research of particular semantic different types and structures, the background of semantic study, theories and theoretical frameworks, method, and relationships with comparable fields; furthermore, they offer specialist tips on subject matters of dialogue in the box, at the strengths and weaknesses of present theories, and at the most likely instructions for the long run improvement of semantic learn.

Additional resources for Doing Worlds with Words: Formal Semantics without Formal Metaphysics

Example text

_ 1 => V. = V' of "simple" inferences. The present picture, resulting from our switching from consequence to necessary truth, leads us instead to say that what we in this case prove is the necessary truth V.... V', and that we do it with the help of the "simple", "evident" necessary truths V1.... V2 ' .. _l .... v". AXIOMATIC SYSTEMS 39 the schematic inference rules as summarizations of rules for passing from statements to statements. 29 • A formal language plus an axiomatic system is called a formal calculus; if the theorems of the system are to be understood as regimenting logical truths, then we speak about a logical calculus.

Now to say that a schema is logically valid is to say that it is turned into a logically true statement by every conceivable replacement of parameters by constants. If we call the mapping of parameters onto constants material interpretation, then every such interpretation induces a mapping of schemata on statements. We can say that an interpretation verifies (necessarily verifies, logically verifies) a schema or a group of schemata if it maps the schema on a true (necessarily true, logically true) statement; and we can say further that an interpretation is a material model (necessary material model, logical material model) of a schema or a group of schemata if it verifies (necessarily verifies, logically verifies) the schema or each schema of the group.

After carrying out the "first-order" regimentation to rid ourselves of the irrelevant idiosyncrasies of language, we went on to regiment the regimentation with the purpose of gaining a simpler, or in some sense more suitable, formal language. In this way we can reach formal languages whose relationship to natural language is far from straightforward. If we consider these radically regimented languages, such as the language of set theory, we may be tempted to conclude that they amount to the true structure of reality, and to see natural language as reflecting this structure in a distorted way.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.02 of 5 – based on 5 votes