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By Leslie S. B. MacCoull

From the hand of Dioscorus of Aphrodito, sixth-century Coptic attorney and poet, now we have the one autograph poems to return all the way down to us on papyrus from the past due historic international. either the poetry he wrote for exact events and the records he produced in his criminal profession, in Greek and Coptic, replicate the foremost preoccupations of Dioscorus' society and his age: the character of Byzantine imperial executive, the patronage of the robust elite, and the spirituality of the Egyptian Christian church. because of place of dwelling in Egypt and plenty of years of labor with the unique papyri, Leslie S. B. MacCoull is ready to current a entire photo of Dioscorus and his occasions. via specified analyses of the files and poems, a few formerly unknown, she leads us to a clean conception of the Coptic tradition of Byzantine Egypt. She unearths the guy and his global as inheritors of and members to the Egyptian-Classical-Christian fusion of society and highbrow lifestyles that gave delivery to Gnosticism and the wasteland Fathers. Dioscorus of Aphrodito epitomizes the little-known cultural flowering of past due vintage Egypt, that is now obvious no longer as a spot of sterility and decadence, yet because the domestic of a strikingly unique and inventive tradition whose next eclipse nonetheless is still unexplained.

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9.  Maspero, "Horapollon et la fin du paganisme égyptien," BIFAO 11 (1914) 163–195. 10.  Dioscorus had both status as local gentry and educational attainment. Page 18 11 12 see how the functions of recording and of decision became fused. In this process lay the seeds of the future of Coptic law.  Besides the technical language he had learned and used as a working tool,20 he every­ 11.  58–59. 12.  Colman, "Reason and unreason," pp. 573–575. 13.  Kaiserreich (Leipzig 1891). 14.  Wagner (Brussels 1970) 41–60.

Dioscorus hardly chose his metonymies at random: this one is deeply expressive of what was felt to be the very fabric of Egyptian city life at the time. The parties carry on the story of their lives and wrongs, their thoughts moving in a world bounded by the expected horizons of economic class and personal concern.  But we can unravel some of Bell's confusion about the presence and role of the taxiarch.  Less directly, but just as visibly as the protocometes of 49.  Dionysius. 50.  For discussion of the Lydus passages, I am grateful to Michael Maas.

Schiller in his introduction to the second edition of KRU (Leipzig 1971). 33.  It is not, except for an annotation, in Dioscorus's own hand, but it yields a coherent text.  Next, the arbiter records Joseph's flat denial of any negligence; then, switching into the first person, he states that he attributes the wrongdoing to Joseph the tenant, not to the owner who has brought the complaint, but that Joseph may not have known that his actions constituted negligence.  The end of the papyrus is lost, so we cannot know what judgment the arbiter formally pronounced.

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