By Bernard M. Levinson
Located on the boundary of conventional religious study, criminal background, and literary concept, Deuteronomy and the Hermeneutics of felony Innovation exhibits how the laws of Deuteronomy displays the fight of its authors to resume overdue 7th- century Judean society. trying to shield their innovative imaginative and prescient throughout the neo-Assyrian situation, the reformers grew to become to previous legislation, even if they disagreed with them, and revised them in this sort of approach as to lend authority to their new realizing of God's will. Passages that different students have lengthy considered as redundant, contradictory, or displaced really replicate the try out by way of Deuteronomy's authors to sanction their new spiritual goals prior to the legacy of the past.
Drawing on historical close to jap legislations and knowledgeable via the wealthy insights of classical and medieval Jewish remark, Levinson presents a longer learn of 3 key passages within the criminal corpus: the exceptional requirement for the centralization of worship, the legislation remodeling the previous Passover right into a pilgrimage competition, and the unit changing conventional village justice with a professionalized judiciary. He demonstrates the profound effect of centralization upon the constitution and association of the criminal corpus, whereas delivering a theoretical research of spiritual switch and cultural renewal in historic Israel. The book's end exhibits how the ideas of authorship constructed in Deuteronomy supplied a version for later Israelite and submit- biblical literature.
Integrating the latest eu learn at the redaction of Deuteronomy with present American and Israeli scholarship, Levinson argues that biblical interpretation needs to attend to either the diachronic and the synchronic dimensions of the textual content. His learn, which gives a brand new point of view on intertextuality, the historical past of authorship, and methods of criminal innovation within the old global, will interact pentateuchal critics and historians of Israelite faith, whereas attaining out towards present concerns in literary idea and significant felony experiences.
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Extra resources for Deuteronomy and the Hermeneutics of Legal Innovation
See further Eleonore Renter's demonstration that there are no precentralization strata in Deuteronomy and that the election formula is oriented on Jerusalem (Kultzentralisation: Entstehung und Theologie von Din 12 (BBB 87; Frankfurt: Anton Hain, 1993] 115-91). 2. See, for example, Gerhard von Rad, Deuteronomy (OTL; Philadelphia: Westminster, 1966) 89; and A. D. H. Mayes, Deuteronomy (NCBC; London: Marshall, Morgan & Scott, 1979) 222. 3. This table is based in part on one provided by Norbert Lohfink, "Opfer und Sakularisierung im Deuteronomium," in Studien zu Opfer und Kult im Alten Testament (ed.
The second-person addressee of the laws shifts without explanation from primarily second-person plural (Deut 12:1-12) to singular (Deut 12:1331), although neither section is entirely internally consistent. 3 The four centralization laws, therefore, each have at least one occurrence of the centralization formula and vary according On this issue, see Norbert Lohfink, "Zur deuteronomischen Zentralisationsformel," Bib 65 (1984) 297-328; reprinted in and cited according to Lohfink, Studien zum Deuteronomium und zur deuteronomistischen Literatur 11 (SBAB 12; Stuttgart: Katholisches Bibelwerk, 1991) 144-77, at 169-73.
See Stephen A. Kaufman, "The Structure of the Deuteronomic Law," Maarav 1/2 (1978-79) 105-58, at 116-17, 132-33, 135, 141. See also Fishbane, Biblical Interpretation, 27-43 and passim. Demonstrating the influence of cuneiform redactional techniques on the editing of the Covenant Code is Eckart Otto, Korperverletzungen in den Keilschriftrechten und im Alten Testament: Studien zum Rechtstransfer im Alten Orient (AOAT 226; Kevelaer: Butzon & Bercker; Neukirchen-Vluyn: Neukirchener Verlag, 1991) 165-87; Otto, "Town and Rural Countryside in Ancient Israelite Law: Reception and Redaction in Cuneiform and Israelite Law," JSOT 57 (1993) 3-22; and Otto, "Kompositionsgeschichte des Bundesbuches," 160-64.