Download Decade-to-Century-Scale Climate Variability and Change: A by National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life PDF

By National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Environment and Resources Commission on Geosciences, Panel on Climate Variability on Decade-to-Century Time Scales

Panel on weather Variability on Decade-to-Century Time Scales, setting and assets fee on Geosciences, department in the world and lifestyles stories, nationwide learn Council

Society this day might be extra at risk of global-scale, long term, weather swap than ever earlier than. Even with none human impact, earlier documents exhibit that weather could be anticipated to proceed to suffer enormous switch over a long time to centuries. Measures for adaption and mitigation will demand coverage judgements in response to a valid clinical starting place. higher knowing and prediction of weather adaptations might be accomplished such a lot successfully via a nationally well-known "dec-cen" technology plan. This ebook articulates the medical concerns that needs to be addressed to develop us successfully towards that realizing and descriptions the knowledge assortment and modeling wanted.

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Extra resources for Decade-to-Century-Scale Climate Variability and Change: A Science Strategy

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1995). , in press). In particular, the COWL pattern is a Northern Hemisphere winter phenomenon that is a manifestation of the dominant effect of the continental land masses on the mean surface air temperature during the cold season. , monthly), because the air over the ocean responds slowly to change because the ocean’s large heat capacity makes it slow to change, whereas the response of air over land is considerably faster because the land’s small heat capacity permits more rapid response. These differences lead to rapid change over land in concert with large-scale shifts in the atmospheric circulation cells, while change over the oceans is much slower and more attenuated.

Seaboard (upper panel of Figure 3-5). The concurrent SLP and wind anomalies indicate a southern displacement of the Icelandic low and a relaxation of the winds in the subtropics (lower panel of Figure 3-5) coinciding with a decrease in NAO. Kushnir (1994) concluded that the variability demonstrated on these time scales in the observational record was governed by a basin-scale interaction between the large-scale oceanic circulation and the atmosphere. Deser and Blackmon (1993) found that SST in the North Atlantic subpolar basin varied concurrently with the atmospheric surface wind anomalies.

After Landsea and Gray, 1992; reprinted with permission of the American Meteorological Society). (b) Atlantic hurricane tracks for the periods 1947-1969 and 1970-1987. S. since 1900; damages normalized to 1990 dollars. ) directly related to improvements in the National Weather Service’s ability to forecast hurricane tracks and intensities, as well as to improvements in the dissemination speed and coverage of hurricane warnings. The declining number of intense hurricanes has also contributed to the decrease in mortality.

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