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By Hans C. Boas

The papers during this quantity offer a contrastive program of building Grammar. via referencing a well-described constructional phenomenon in English, each one paper offers an effective starting place for describing and examining its constructional counterpart in one other language. This technique exhibits that the semantic description (including discourse-pragmatic and useful components) of an English development will be considered as a primary step in the direction of a "tertium comparationis" that may be hired for evaluating and contrasting the formal homes of constructional opposite numbers in different languages. therefore, the that means pole of structures may be considered as the first foundation for comparisons of structures throughout languages – the shape pole is just secondary. This quantity exhibits that buildings are practicable descriptive and analytical instruments for cross-linguistic comparisons that give the chance to catch either language-specific (idiosyncratic) homes in addition to cross-linguistic generalizations

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Frequent English collocations such as worse and worse, higher and higher, better and better, bigger and bigger, and stronger and stronger have direct correspondences in the Swedish data. The differences are hence to be sought in the periphrastic pattern. Here, the most frequent English adjective is difficult, which translates into the Swedish monosyllabic adjective svår (‘hard’, ‘difficult’). Swedish svår is in fact one of the five most frequent adjectives in the morphological pattern. Further, the periphrastic pattern in English is instantiated by collocations such as more and more important, more and more popular, and more and more obvious, which do not have corresponding collocations in Swedish.

Before proceeding, it must be emphasized that in keeping with the usage-based methodology invoked in this chapter, invented examples have been kept to a minimum. Moreover, all the examples reproduced here were previously rated as (i) acceptable, (ii) marginally acceptable, or (iii) unacceptable by a group of 30 educated British and American native speakers aged between 20 and 50 and by a group of Spanish university students aged between 21 and 22 at the University of Almería, Spain, respectively.

I am immensely grateful to Christopher Butler, Lachlan Mackenzie as well as an anonymous reviewer for invaluable comments on an earlier version of this paper. Last but not least, I should like to express my deepest gratitude to Hans C. Boas for inviting me to contribute to this volume as well as for most extensive and constructive comments which have led to substantial improvements in the final version. All usual disclaimers apply. 1. pdf). clitic (pronominal clitic).  Francisco Gonzálvez-García b.

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