Download Contaminated Water Supplies at Camp Lejeune: Assessing by National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life PDF

By National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology, Committee on Contaminated Drinking Water at Camp Lejeune

Within the early Nineteen Eighties, water-supply platforms at the Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune in North Carolina have been discovered to be infected with the economic solvents trichloroethylene (TCE) and perchloroethylene (PCE). The water platforms have been provided through the Tarawa Terrace and Hadnot element watertreatment vegetation, which served enlisted-family housing, barracks for single provider team of workers, base administrative places of work, faculties, and leisure parts. The Hadnot element water approach additionally served the bottom medical institution and an commercial sector and provided water to housing at the Holcomb street water process (full-time until eventually 1972 and periodically thereafter). This ebook examines what's identified in regards to the infection of the water offers at Camp Lejeune and no matter if the illness should be associated with any adversarial health and wellbeing results in former citizens and staff on the base.

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The epidemiologic evidence provides some indication that solvent exposure during but not before pregnancy is associated with increased risk of miscarriage but not with preterm birth or reduced birth weight, and there is no direct evidence on perinatal mortality. The epidemiologic evidence on paternal exposure to TCE and adverse pregnancy outcome was inadequate/insufficient to determine whether an association exists. Human evidence on chronic exposure to TCE or PCE and the risk of congenital malformations was also judged to be inadequate to support conclusions about associations.

Several investigations have been performed on issues related to the discovery of the contamination at Camp Lejeune. A brief overview of the investigations follows. S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) added Camp Lejeune to its National Priorities List in October 1989. A public-health assessment evaluated exposures and potential risks at three sites on the base, including the sites served by the contaminated drinking-water systems (ATSDR 1997a). ATSDR judged that exposure to VOCs in drinking water was unlikely to pose health risks to adults but raised questions about risks to children who may have been exposed in utero.

14 Summary 15 EXPOSURE-ASSESSMENT EVALUATION To understand the exposures that occurred because of the contamination of water supplies at Camp Lejeune, it is important to characterize the contamination—including its location, magnitude, duration, and variability—and the individual water-use patterns and other water-related behavior of the population that was exposed. The first component involves identifying the contaminants of concern, their sources, and their estimated concentrations in any particular water-supply system over time.

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