By Roland Hausser, Dana Scott
The research of linguistics has been eternally replaced via the appearance of the pc. not just does the computing device let the processing of huge amounts of textual content thereby securing a greater empirical starting place for conclusions-but additionally, because it is a modelling gadget, the desktop permits the implementation of theories of grammar and different kinds of language processing. types could have very unforeseen houses either sturdy and bad-and it's only via large assessments that the worth of a version could be effectively assessed. the pc revolution has been occurring for a few years, and its significance for linguistics was once well-known early on, however the more moderen unfold of private workstations has made it a truth which could not be overlooked by means of an individual within the topic. the current essay, specifically, might by no means were written with no assistance from the pc. i do know for my part from conversations and consultations with the writer over many months how the publication has replaced. If he didn't have at his command a strong typesetting software, he wouldn't have been capable of see how his writing appeared and precisely the way it needed to be revised and amplified. much more major for the evolution of the linguistic conception is the straightforward trying out of examples made attainable through the implementation of the parser and the computer-held lexicon. certainly, the guideline set and lexicon grew considerably after the successes of the early implementations created the will to include extra linguistic phenomena.
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Extra resources for Computation of Language: An Essay on Syntax, Semantics and Pragmatics in Natural Man-Machine Communication
54 Frege gives no criterion for identity of sense for proper names. But, as the following shows, one will have to interpret the concept of sense very narrowly, so that, apart from trivial cases of identity of sense such as arise from explicit definition, for example, different proper names as a rule also have different sense. 2, would nevertheless be very compatible with Frege's assertions. Frege now ascribes to predicates and sentences as well a double semantic function in analogy with proper names.
By way of contrast, the following objection to the simple form of realistic semantics is of fundamental significance: We usually understand by the meaning of a linguistic expression something based on the understanding of language alone, and independent of empirical data. In order to know what an expression means, I have to master the language to which it belongs; in doubtful cases I have to consult dictionaries and grammars, but not any knowledge of facts. Therefore the question of the synonymy, the identity of meaning of two proper names must be capable of being decided on the basis of knowledge of language alone.
This simple form of the copy-theory runs into some difficulties. There is already a certain difficulty in the fact that we cannot point to attributes and facts, as abstracta, in the same way as we can to concrete objects in establishing the name-relation. 27 If we want to say which attribute 'red' designates, we can not produce this attribute itself, not point to it as to a mountain, a village, a constellation; we can only point out some instances and counter-instances of the attribute: some red and some non-red things.