By Michael J. Lace, John E. Mylroie
Carbonate rock coasts are chanced on world-wide, from continental beaches of the Adriatic Sea of Europe to the Yucatan Peninsula of North the US, and on tropical islands from Rodrigues Island within the Indian Ocean, to the Mariana Islands within the Pacific Ocean, to the Bahama Islands within the Atlantic Ocean. Such coasts are renowned for his or her strange and particular karst landforms. Karst approaches, fairly these linked to coastal landforms, are proving to be unusually distinctive and complicated.
This quantity provides a entire assessment of the methods linked to coastal karst improvement evaluating examples from a vast geographical and geomorphological variety of island and continental shoreline/paleoshoreline settings, together with a evaluation of pseudokarst approaches which may compete with and overprint dynamic coastal karst landscapes.
As powerful administration of hydrologic assets grows extra advanced, coastal caves and karst signify basic parts in linked coastal aquifers, which within the rock checklist may also shape major petroleum reservoirs.
Audience by way of offering a clearer realizing of the geological, organic, archaeological and cultural price of coastal caves and karst assets, this quantity deals a serious device to coastal researchers and geoscientists in comparable fields and to coastal land managers because it illustrates the range of coastal karst landforms, the original approaches which shaped them, the variety of assets they harbor and their courting to coastal region renovation ideas and the advance of sustainable administration approaches.
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Extra resources for Coastal Karst Landforms
Expressing size and scale is relatively easy for most karren, because length, width, and depth of channels, flutes, ridges, pans, and other forms can be delimited and directly measured. In coastal karst settings, this is not always straightforward because many morphologies are chaotic. As we shall see later, the basic morphologic elements of many coastal limestone surfaces are irregular pits of various shapes and sizes. Though most appear to be within cm-scale range, a closer look should reveal that there is a continuum of comparable features from microscopic apertures to human-sized hollows.
Both the centimeter-scale karren and meter-scale pinnacles have been assigned many different terms over the past few decades. Some of the synonyms include champignon surface (Stoddart et al. 1971), phytokarst (Folk et al. 1973), lacework morphology (Bull and Laverty 1982), etc. The term spitzkarren (Trudgill 1979) was also suggested, despite little similarity with spitzkarren originally described by B¨ogli (1960) (compare Trudgill’s Fig. 1 and B¨ogli’s Fig. 15). In recent years, the term eogenetic karren (Taboroˇsi et al.
In coastal karst settings, this is not always straightforward because many morphologies are chaotic. As we shall see later, the basic morphologic elements of many coastal limestone surfaces are irregular pits of various shapes and sizes. Though most appear to be within cm-scale range, a closer look should reveal that there is a continuum of comparable features from microscopic apertures to human-sized hollows. The composite landscape is often reminiscent of a cratered surface, in which smaller pits are contained within larger ones and basic morphology is repeated on a variety of scales superimposed on the same rock surface.