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By Committee on the Strategic Assessment of the U. S. Department of energy

Coal evaluates the dep. of Energy's functionality and recommends priorities in updating its coal software and responding to EPACT. It offers an image of most likely destiny coal use and linked know-how standards in the course of the yr 2040. comprises an outline of coal-related courses and up to date price range developments and explores imperative matters in destiny U.S. and international coal use.

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DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY PROGRAMS AND PLANNING 36 scribe highly leveraged investments, whereas "petroleum financing" describes the smaller component of borrowed money generally employed in that industry. Utility financing has been used throughout the present report for consistency with DOE's approach (see Glossary for further details), although the committee notes that there is no general consensus on the most appropriate financing basis for estimating equivalent crude costs. A number of technologies are relevant to both advanced power and advanced fuel systems.

Page breaks are true to the original; line lengths, word breaks, heading styles, and other typesetting-specific formatting, however, cannot be retained, and some typographic errors may have been accidentally inserted. Please use the print version of this publication as the authoritative version for attribution. html TRENDS AND ISSUES FOR FUTURE COAL USE 39 including the United States, South Africa, Poland, and parts of the former Soviet Union, coal exports are a fraction of a substantial domestic market.

Please use the print version of this publication as the authoritative version for attribution. html INTRODUCTION AND SCOPE OF THE STUDY 19 1 Introduction and Scope of the Study The fossil fuels coal, petroleum, and natural gas have been central in supplying reliable, low-cost energy in the United States for more than a century. Today they account for almost 90 percent of the nation's primary energy consumption. S. fossil energy reserves (DOE, 1993). S. economy. Coal prices declined in real terms through most of the 1980s, due primarily to higher mining productivity, overcapacity, and competition from natural gas.

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