By Rodney S. Sadler Jr.
By way of interpreting particular biblical references to Cush and Cushites, a country and other people most up-to-date students could deem racially "black," this publication explores the way through which the authors of the Hebrew Bible represented the Cushite, and determines even if variations in human phenotypes facilitated legitimating ideologies that justified the subjugation of this overseas different. so one can floor this research, this learn investigates how modern students have understood "race" and "ethnicity" and proposes operating definitions for those contested phrases. Sadler's examine finds that although there have been every now and then constituent parts of racialist proposal hired in biblical representations of the Cushites, there doesn't seem to have been a coherent process of racial proposal within the Hebrew Bible. frequently esteemed via biblical authors, Cushites have been considered as an ethnic team like many of the international locations pointed out within the Hebrew Bible. actually, this research additionally finds that there has been huge touch among Cushites and the folk of Judah through the biblical interval. It concludes via suggesting that biblical students have to significantly reconsider their realizing of Cushites and the function this humans performed within the heritage of the Levant.
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Extra info for Can a Cushite Change His Skin?: An Examination of Race, Ethnicity, and Othering in the Hebrew Bible (The Library of Hebrew Bible - Old Testament Studies)
15-18) that is clearly echoed in the Priestly writer's account of Gush's sons. We should also consider the significance of the birth-order of Ham's sons. The Priestly writer lists Cush as the first son of Ham. 27 However, this arrangement would prove generally problematic for two reasons. First, Put, often thought to have been Libya, was not to the north of Egypt. From the perspective of the Israelites, it would be to the southwest and should fall between Cush and Egypt. Westermann notes that Meyer, Gunkel, and Procksch proposed another possible identification for Put—the Egyptian Punt, or Somaliland.
25 If we accept this reconstruction, the Yahwist knew Cush as the father of Nimrod and the Mesopotamian peoples and also knew Mitzraim, Canaan, and Shem. Japheth, Ham, and Cush, father of the Afro-Arabian league, are found only in the Priestly writer's material. What we are left with, then, is a Yahwist's presentation that is largely Palestinian and seemingly inaccurate with regard to the some of the non-Palestinian nations. 26 There is further evidence of redaction in the Yahwistic account (J).
2. 1. Cush in the Pentateuch Because the Pentateuchal narratives that mention Cush are complex combinations of traditions and documentary material, some likely dating to various moments in the Iron II period, we will consider them together. ) occur in Gen 2; 10; andNum 12. In addition, we will consider Gen 9. Though this chapter does not contain a Cush-related term, Gen 9 is relevant to our discussion since the narrative often described as the "Curse of Ham" occurs in its latter verses. Because this narrative resurfaces in rabbinic literature and influences our interpretation of Gen 10, it seems appropriate to exegete it carefully here, thereby facilitating subsequent conversations about the use of Cush in biblical and rabbinic literature.