By Scott M. Manetsch
In Calvin's corporation of Pastors, Scott Manetsch examines the pastoral theology and functional ministry actions of Geneva's reformed ministers from the time of Calvin's arrival in Geneva until eventually the start of the 17th century. in the course of those seven many years, greater than one hundred thirty males have been enrolled in Geneva's Venerable corporation of Pastors (as it was once called), together with amazing reformed leaders equivalent to Pierre Viret, Theodore Beza, Simon Goulart, Lambert Daneau, and Jean Diodati. other than those better-known epigones, Geneva's pastors from this era stay hidden from view, cloaked in Calvin's lengthy shadow, even if they performed a strategic function in keeping and reshaping Calvin's pastoral legacy.
Making large use of archival fabrics, released sermons, catechisms, prayer books, own correspondence, and theological writings, Manetsch deals an enticing and brilliant portrait of pastoral existence in 16th- and early seventeenth-century Geneva, exploring the way during which Geneva's ministers conceived in their pastoral place of work and played their day-by-day tasks of preaching, public worship, ethical self-discipline, catechesis, administering the sacraments, and pastoral care. Manetsch demonstrates that Calvin and his colleagues have been even more than ivory tower theologians or "quasi-agents of the state," involved essentially with meting out theological info to their congregations or implementing magisterial authority. relatively, they observed themselves as non secular shepherds of Christ's Church, and this self-understanding formed to an important measure their day-by-day paintings as pastors and preachers.
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Extra info for Calvin's Company of Pastors: Pastoral Care and the Emerging Reformed Church, 1536-1609 (Oxford Studies in Historical Theology)
79 Even though pastors and 28 | Calvin’s Company of Pastors doctors occupied distinct oﬃces, Calvin believed that on occasion doctors might also be called by God to exercise the pastoral functions of preaching and administering the sacraments. In his Commentary on Ephesians (1548), Calvin noted: Pastors, to my mind, are those to whom is committed the charge of a particular ﬂock. I have no objection to their receiving the name of doctors, if we realize that there is another kind of doctor, who superintends both the education of pastors and the instruction of the whole church.
The trial and execution of the anti-Trinitarian Michael Servetus oﬀers a good example of the complementary, yet distinct, roles exercised by Geneva’s civil and religious leaders during this period. When Servetus arrived in Geneva in August 1553, it was Geneva’s city councilors that ordered his arrest, interrogated him, prosecuted his case, and ultimately commanded his execution in late October. Calvin’s role in this tragic aﬀair was less oﬃcial but signiﬁcant nevertheless: having called for Servetus’s initial arrest, he served as theological adviser to the council during the trial, met privately with the defendant in an eﬀort to dissuade him from his heretical opinions, and ﬁnally geneva and her reformation | 27 recommended that Servetus be put to death.
A Bernese contingent of fourteen thousand soldiers with nineteen cannons secured the city in October, though unruly troops vandalized churches in the suburbs and smashed and burned Catholic images. 13 Bern’s political and military support proved to be a Trojan horse that brought with it unforeseen religious consequences. Beginning in the autumn of 1532, Protestant missionaries from Bern including Guillaume Farel, Antoine Saunier, and Antoine Froment regularly visited the city to preach the gospel and lend support to a small, clandestine community of evangelicals.