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Extra info for Biotransformation and Bioprocesses (BIOTECHNOLOGY AND BIOPROCESSING SERIES)

Sample text

Based on these obvious assumptions, they predicted the existence of four main structures, viz, right-handed a-helix, left-handed a-helix, parallel, and antiparallel b-sheets. All the four secondary structures have been found to exist. Of these the a-helix and b-sheet are the most common (Fig. 8). a-Helix. a-Helices in proteins are formed when a stretch of consecutive residues all have phi, psi angle pair approximately À60j and À90j, corresponding to the allowed region in the bottom left quadrant of the Ramachandran plot.

Soc. 1916, 38, 762. 2. ; London, F. Z Phy 1927, 44, 455. 3. P. Dielectric Behavior and Structure; McGraw-Hill: New York, 1955; 244 pp. 4. Albert, A. ; Barnes and Noble: New York, 1968. Copyright 2004 by Marcel Dekker, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 3 Enzyme Structure and Functions Enzymes are biological catalysts. They increase the rate of chemical reactions taking place within living cells, without themselves suffering any overall change. In fact, these are central to life, and it may not be an understatement to say that these molecules sustain life on this planet.

Thus, the primary structure indicates the sequence of connectivity of monomers in the given polymer. Copyright 2004 by Marcel Dekker, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Enzyme: Structure and Functions 33 Thus, though we describe the monomers in their totality defining r, N, and u for each of the monomer and give all the details of the sequence of connectivity of these monomers, the three-dimensional structure of a polymer is still not completely described because the polymer necessarily has a higher degree of structure.

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