By E. J. Vandamme (auth.), Erick J. Vandamme (eds.)
Vitamins and comparable progress elements belong to the few chemical compounds with a favorable entice most folks; the identify inspires healthiness, energy, health, energy . . . . every one folks certainly wishes his day-by-day consumption of supplementations, which should still typically be supplied through a balanced and sundry nutrition. notwithstanding, present foodstuff behavior or personal tastes, or meals processing and maintenance equipment don't continually guarantee a enough traditional day-by-day nutrition provide, even for a fit individual; this can be the entire truer for under pressure or ailing participants. even though glossy society is seldom faced with the infamous avitaminoses of the prior, they do nonetheless ensue usually in overpopulated and poverty- and famine-struck areas in lots of components of the realm. except their in-vivo nutritional-physiological roles as development components for guy, animals, vegetation and micro-organisms, diet compounds are actually being brought more and more as food/feed ingredients, as medical-therapeutical brokers, as health-aids, and likewise as technical aids. certainly, at the present time a magnificent variety of processed meals, feeds, cosmetics, prescription drugs and chemical compounds include additional extra supplementations or vitamin-related compounds, and unmarried or multivitamin arrangements are as a rule taken or prescribed. those reflections do point out that there's an additional desire for diet offer, except that supplied from plant and animal meals assets. such a lot extra supplements are certainly now ready chemically and/or biotechnologically through fermentation/bioconversion procedures. equally, different comparable development elements, provitamins, vitamin-like com kilos, i. e.
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Additional info for Biotechnology of Vitamins, Pigments and Growth Factors
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Although the pathway intermediates may be present in amounts widely variable with the strain and the culture conditions, the carotenoid composition of the fungi is usually much simpler than that of the photosynthetic organisms. Here are a few selected examples of fungal carotenoids. , 1970); neurosporaxanthin and fJ-carotene, those of Gibberella fujikuroi (Avalos & Cerda-Olmedo, 1987), Neurospora crassa and Verticillium agaricinum (Valadon & Mummery, 1973); torularhodin and fJ-carotene, those of the yeasts Rhodotorula rubra, R.
Substrate transfer in carotene biosynthesis in Phycomyces. Eur. 1. , 119, 511-16. Ninet, L. & Renaut, J. (1979). Carotenoids. In Microbial Technology, 2nd edn, Vol. 1, ed. H. J. Peppler & D. Perlman. Academic Press, New York, pp. 529-44. , Renaut, J. & Tissier, R. (1969). Activation of the biosynthesis of carotenoids by Blakeslea trispora. Biotechnol. , 11, 1195-210. Rau, W. (1983). Photoregulation of carotenoid biosynthesis. In Biosynthesis of isoprenoid compounds, ed. J. W. Porter & S. L. Spurgeon.