By Viikari L. (ed.), Lantto R. (ed.)
This ebook covers either uncomplicated and technologies in a slightly certain region of pulp and paper manufacture. the elemental technology of lignocellulose enzymology and plant genetics is roofed additionally in lots of different contexts, while the appliance of biotechnology in procedure and product improvement is punctiliously reviewed. all of the most modern advances in addition to new rules of the examine box are lined. This e-book will function an up-to-date and compact info package deal of biotechnical facets and the latest advances of the pulp and paper area.
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Additional resources for Biotechnology in the Pulp and Paper Industry, Volume 21: 8th ICBPPI Meeting
Oxalate production and regulation is also important in the brown rot fungi. Oxalate functions in the control of pH of the fungal environment but also may serve in other ways. It would be undesirable to have free iron in the immediate environment of the fungal cell membrane, and oxalate in insoluble crystalline as well as soluble forms is concentrated in this region. Free transition metals would be readily sequestered by oxalate in this environment. Fungi may also use oxalate to create a pH gradient which would allow iron to be sequestered in the low pH environment surrounding the fungal hyphae but allow phase transfer of the iron to catecholate chelators in the higher pH environment of the wood cell wall (7, 21).
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P. Walker and D. B. Wilson. "Enzymatic Hydrolysis of Cellulose: An Overview" Bioresource Technology, vol. 36, pp. 3-14, 1991. T. Fan, Y. Lee, and D. H. Beardmore. "The Influence of Major Structural Features of Cellulose on Rate of Enzymatic Hydrolysis" Biotechnology and Bioengineering, vol. 23, pp. 419-424, 1981. A. Boussaid, A. R. Esteghlalian, D. J. Gregg, K. H. Lee, and J. N. Saddler. "Steam Pretreatment of Douglas-Fir Wood Chips" Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology, vol. 84-86, pp. 693-705, 2000.