By Karl Simpson (auth.), Bernardo Sorj, Mark Cantley, Karl Simpson (eds.)
The accession of Spain and Portugal to club of the ecu neighborhood in January 1985 not just introduced new energy to the ecu initiative, yet served as a strong reminder of the wider dimensions of the Spanish- and Portuguese-speaking worlds. A reinforcement of Europe's normal and historic interna tionalism of outlook was once fairly correct within the context of biotechnology; for the delicate multi-disciplinary clinical base, and the various wide program parts, strength on biotechnol ogy an internationalism either for entry to medical power, and for entry to around the world markets. Such was once the explanation for 'SOBELA': a 'Seminar on Biotechnol ogy in Europe and Latin America', which in April 1987 introduced a few 50 Latin American marketers, policy-makers and educational leaders to Europe and to Brussels. on the Commission's Borschette convention Centre, they heard shows from 11 of the neighborhood Member States, every one emphasising its strengths in bio expertise and its curiosity in selling commercial collaboration with corporations in Latin the US. The seminar used to be opened via speeches from Vice-President Karl Heinz Narjes on behalf of the fee, and by way of His Excellency Luis Ramiro Alfonsin of Argentina, senior Latin American diplomat in Brussels. within the ultimate consultation, Directors-General Paolo Fasella (Science, learn and improvement, DG XII) and Jean Durieux (External kinfolk, DG I) welcomed Their Excellencies the ambas sadors from Argentina, Mexico, Brazil, Uruguay and Colombia.
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Extra resources for Biotechnology in Europe and Latin America: Prospects for Co-operation
Biotechnology is of great importance with 7% of world turnover. The government restructured biology six years ago and most university research is now partly industry sponsored. After uncomfortable start, applied research is stronger in Netherlands than anywhere else in Europe. National skills include enzymes, yeast, dairy biotech, protein engineering. Major companies include: Unilever, Philips, Shell, Akzo, Gist-Brocades. Many small companies are university or institute based and enjoy good relations with big brothers.
The Ministry of Industry through its Agency of Technology has supported biotechnology through a number of programmes. Two in particular were specifically designed to support biotechnology. 6 million for a five year programme of research administered by the research councils. Table 2. The following appropriations have been made so far. DKrlOOO Biorganic chemistry Biostructural chemistry Genetic stability Purification Plant cells Plant genes Reproductive biology Reagents and vaccines 1984 880 400 775 150 400 0 300 0 1985 741 818 767 460 511 1022 734 460 1986 770 850 860 690 679 1158 884 901 1987 870 850 1010 840 680 1160 1035 1150 1988 870 850 1010 840 680 1160 1035 1150 Total 2905 5513 6792 7595 7595 36 Research as a basis for technological development Approved by parliament in 1985, this five year programme totals DKr300 million, with biotechnology getting DKr 60 million.
Optimisation of fermentation processes, both traditional and modern. Improvements in the understanding and control of the vinification process. At the end of 1985 FF35 million had been set aside for these priority areas. The second area for action is health, where France has a number of internationally competitive companies. Priority is to be given to the early recognition of disease states. Biotechnology has enormous scope for applications in preventative medicine: vaccines, diagnostics etc. for both human and veterinary applications.