By Florence Wambugu, Daniel Kamanga
In this e-book, Florence Wambugu and Daniel Kamanga of Africa Harvest Biotech origin International assemble professional African specialists to critique quite a few biotechnology tasks and venture destiny advancements within the box in Africa. For the 1st time, African voices from multidisciplinary fields as assorted as economics, agriculture, biotechnology, legislation, politics and academia, call for to be allowed to set the continent’s biotech improvement time table. This e-book argues that there's a nice destiny for biotechnology in Africa which sidesteps western pursuits that don't fit these of the neighborhood population. In those varied chapters, Africa’s political and medical leaders call for a better say in how study and improvement cash are allotted and spent. They argue that Africa’s political leaders needs to see either transparent advantages and feature elbow-room to force the swap required. this is often the way in which that African governments can hire conceivable regulations, appropriate biosafety laws and legislation and reply successfully to public-private partnerships. Wambugu and Kamanga convey that biotechnology has the capability to enhance foodstuff safety and conventional of dwelling in addition to mitigate the dangerous results of weather swap at the African continent.
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Additional info for Biotechnology in Africa: Emergence, Initiatives and Future
Bazoumana Koulibaly, Mr. Gaspard Vognan, Mr. Hughes Some´), and all the technical and administrative staff for providing information. Africa Harvest and the Rockefeller Foundation for organizing the Bellagio writing retreat. 2 Bt Cotton in Burkina Faso Demonstrates That Political Will Is Key. . 35 References Abdallah N (2010) GM crops in Africa: challenges in Egypt. GM Crops 1(3):116–119. pdf African Biosafety Network of Expertise (ABNE) (2010) Global modern biotechnology adoption trend. net/subjects/socioeconomic-issues/adoption-trend Chetaille A (2006) Evaluation des besoins en renforcement de capacite´s sur la biose´curite´ en Afrique de l’Ouest.
At INERA, the responsibility of the scientific community is to help farmers by providing them access to nutrition. Biotechnology can be used as a tool to increase productivity and to target malnutrition by improving food quality (biofortification). Research in biotechnology can target other issues such as biotic and abiotic stresses (resistance to insects and diseases, drought tolerance), and tissue culture. So, some biotechnology projects such as the African biofortified sorghum project, the Bt cowpea project, and the SABIMA-FARA project are in the pipeline with hopes of success.
In agriculture, genetically modified organisms (GMOs) are developed to possess several desirable traits, such as resistance to pests, herbicides, and harsh environmental conditions, improved product shelf life, increased nutritional value, and possession of traits for production of valuable goods such as drugs (pharming). Egypt was one of the few countries to realize in the 1980s the importance of GM crops in achieving sustainable agriculture. Technology transfer and building capacities for the development of agricultural crops through biotechnology started in the early 1990s.