By Ashok Pandey, Duu-Jong Lee, Yusuf Chisti, Carlos R. Soccol
This ebook offers in-depth info on simple and utilized points of biofuels creation from algae. It starts with an creation to the subject, and follows with the elemental medical elements of algal cultivation and its use for biofuels creation, resembling photograph bioreactor engineering for microalgae construction, open tradition structures for biomass construction and the economics of biomass creation. It presents state of the art info on artificial biology techniques for algae appropriate for biofuels construction, through algal biomass harvesting, algal oils as fuels, biohydrogen construction from algae, formation/production of co-products, and extra. The publication additionally covers themes similar to metabolic engineering and molecular biology for algae for gas creation, existence cycle overview and scale-up and commercialization. it's hugely valuable and enables you to plan new examine and layout new economically doable techniques for the creation of fresh fuels from algae.
- Covers in a entire yet concise approach many of the algae biomass conversion applied sciences at the moment available
- Lists the entire items made out of algae, i.e. biohydrogen, gasoline oils, etc., their homes and strength uses
- Includes the economics of a few of the techniques and the mandatory steps for scaling them up
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Additional info for Biofuels from Algae
Therefore, in the raceway systems, the microalgae, water, and nutrients are continuously circulated around a racetrack, following the same direction as a paddlewheel. In this way, the circulation rate around the racetrack can be adjusted by the paddle speed. With paddlewheels providing the driving force for liquid flow, the microalgae are kept suspended in the water and are circulated back to the surface on a regular frequency. 4 MICROALGAE CULTIVATION IN CLOSED AND OPEN PBRs FOR BIOFUEL PRODUCTION 31 Despite their diversified appearance, the most common raceway cultivators are driven by paddlewheels and are usually operated at a water depth of 15–20 cm.
2011). The productivity of flat-plate photobioreactors is highly dependent on the space requirements between the panels and the areal productivity constraint for outdoor application. On the other hand, if the flat plate systems are to be operated indoors, then some crucial factors would be involved, including distance of light sources from panels, temperature effects, illumination of one or both panel sides, light path, and so on. Scale-up of the flat plate system is potentially difficult due to the increase of hydrostatic pressure with the increase of volume.
This demand makes the microalgae cultivation technology even more important. In this chapter, the principles and basic knowledge of microalgae growth and mass production are introduced. Commonly used cultivation systems and photobioreactors are described. Their advantages and weaknesses are compared. V. All rights reserved. 24 2. DESIGN OF PHOTOBIOREACTORS FOR ALGAL CULTIVATION microalgae cultivation process for biofuels production are given to provide updates on the commercial development of microalgae-based biofuels.