By M. W. Eysenck (auth.), Dr. Ian Hindmarch, Dr. Helmut Ott (eds.)
The following papers have been offered at a global workshop on benzo diazepine receptor ligands, reminiscence and data processing, held through the fifteenth CINP assembly in Puerto Rico in December 1986 and organised through the editors and T. Roth. This workshop used to be aimed toward reviewing and reflecting on previous adventure with benzodiazepines, comparing the present nation of data of the activities of psychotropic orugs (particularly benzodiazepines, fJ-carbolines and benzodiazepine antagonists), and laying a foundation of curiosity and hypothesis for destiny learn into the aptitude use of those medicinal drugs in problems of reminiscence and data processing. there's a lot released fabric concerning the theoretical underpinnings of what psychologists name "memory", and possibly there'll be a number of extra libraries jam-packed with theses at the subject sooner than a consensus is reached as regards uncomplicated definitions or perhaps significant differences among for instance, "short" and "long"-term reminiscence - each person has his personal specific concept. The qualitative and quantitative range of different methods might sound to offer an insurmountable challenge for the psychologist looking a unified conceptual framework. In perform a number of the theories produce a plethora of pragmatic and experimental thoughts for psychopharmacologists and clinicians to exploit whilst investigating medicinal drugs with putative amnestic or promnestic properties.
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Additional resources for Benzodiazepine Receptor Ligands, Memory and Information Processing: Psychometric, Psychopharmacological and Clinical Issues
Neuropsychologia 21:501-512 Debus G, SchroiffH-W (1985) Paradigmen zur differenzierten Leistungsanalyse beim "ZahlenVerbindungs-Test" (ZVT) und beim "Zahlen-Symbol-Test" (ZST). Institut fUr Psychologie der RWTH Aachen, FRG, Arbeitsbericht no 1/19 Desai N, Taylor-Davies A, Barnett DB (1983) The effects of diazepam and oxprenolol on short term memory in individuals of high and low state anxiety. Br J Clin Pharmacol15:197-202 Eriksen BA, Eriksen CW (1974) Effects of noise letters upon identification of targets in a nonsearch task.
11 HINRICHS et al. (1984). 12 GHONHEIM (1984a). 8 2 22 S 1 2 3 3 1 13 8 6 7 6 10 8 9 22 8 19 17 9 2 2 20 10 3 21 21 19 1 2 22 6 13 13 22 21 13 9 13 19 13 22 20 21 22 13 GHONHEIM et al. (1984b). 14 SUBHAN and HINDMARCH (1984). is SCHARF et al. (1984). 16 DESAI et al. (1983). 17 LISTER and FILE (1984). 18 MEWALDT et al. (1983). 19 POMARA et al. (1984a). 20 MORGAN (1984). 21 OTT (1984). 22 ROEHRS et al. (1984). 23 SUBHAN (1984). The majority of memory studies implicitly proceed from ATKINSON and SHIFFRIN'S memory model.
These lead to a performance loss which counteracts the learning effect. At a higher level of skill, there is less learning but there are also fewer moments of inefficiency due to increasing automatization of performance and probably also due to experience in working uninterruptedly over longer periods of time. Consistent with this interpretation, SANDERS and HOOGENBOOM (1970) found that with massed practice, the highest deciles of the distribution of choice reaction times increased as a function of time on task, while the lowest deciles showed practice effects of a size comparable to those observed with spaced practice.