By Abida Farooqi
This booklet provides an up to the moment assessment of arsenic and fluoride toxins of soil and groundwater in Pakistan. It contains the author’s doctoral dissertation on Lahore as a case examine and describes the mechanism of toxins at the foundation of the findings in that sector. The booklet highlights the concrete state of affairs in Pakistan – together with the severity of the matter, its healthiness results and the hazards posed to the folk residing in affected parts via those significant pollution– and issues out crucial examine parts that decision for instant cognizance. As such, it attracts consciousness to the necessity for administration ideas within the affected components and gives a priceless reference paintings on Pakistan for college kids and researchers alike.
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Extra info for Arsenic and Fluoride Contamination: A Pakistan Perspective
China. 30th International Geological Congress, vol 3, pp 4–14, Beijing Zheng L, Luo H, Bandou K, Kanai F, Terasaki K, Yoshimura T, Sakai Y, Kimura S, Hagiwara H (2006) High fluoride groundwater with high salinity and fluorite in aquifer sediments in Inner Mongolia China. Chin J Geochem 25(1):103 Status of As and F− Groundwater and Soil Pollution in Pakistan Arsenic and F− testing of groundwater is considered as an important activity because As and F− are now recognized as the most serious inorganic contaminants in drinking water on a worldwide basis and due to its serious effects on human health (Smedley et al.
National survey for As (2001) • effort of UNICEF, LG&RD, PCSIR and 3. National Water Quality Monitoring Program (NWQMP 2001–2006) 4. Arsenic mitigation program (2002–2004) • Southern Punjab (2002–2003)-Phase-I and II • Central Sindh (2003–2004)-Phase-I The data collected from the Phase-I (2001– 2002) of NWQMP program revealed the presence of As above 50 ppb in some cities of Punjab particularly in Multan, Sheikhupura, Lahore, Kasur, Gujranwala and Bahawalpur. The situation of presence of As in groundwater of Southern Punjab has become clearer as the result of detailed testing by UNICEF and PCRWR.
As most of the wells used for local people are shallow, those are easily affected by contaminants from human activities. The present study area consist of agricultural lands, Kalalanwala and Kot Asad Ullah are the two villages located adjacent to an industrial state. 3 Brief Description of the Study Area 41 Fig. 6 Index map showing the study area industrial state for leather and tanneries, while in Raiwind near Kasur many chemical and fertilizer industries are present. These industries also do not have any proper waste treatment plants and they are dumping their waste into the river and canals.