By Frans H. van Eemeren, Peter Houtlosser, A.F. Snoeck Henkemans
Argumentative signs: A Pragma-Dialectical learn identifies and analyses English phrases and expressions which are the most important for an sufficient reconstruction of argumentative discourse. It presents the analyst of argumentative discussions and texts with a scientific set of tools for giving a well-founded research which leads to an analytic evaluation of the weather which are correct for the review of the argumentation. within the ebook a scientific connection is made among linguistic insights into the features of argumentative discourse and insights from argumentation idea into the answer of adjustments of opinion via argumentation.
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Extra info for Argumentative Indicators in Discourse: A Pragma-Dialectical Study
I much prefer to walk on boots, but well .. you can’t do that in summer . . I do find that one, yes .. well, I have got a nice denim that – I find those denim jumpers really nice, don’t you think, the ones with those cut-in sleeves. (Eindhoven colloquial language corpus) (32) Changing foreign words in the Dutch language I find ridiculous. By changing a word like shampoo into ‘sjampo’, you take away all its original value. If one really feels that adopting words from another language 40 VAN EEMEREN ET AL.
Although this combination, in itself, does not introduce a standpoint, the colloquial use of ‘I don’t know’ often indicates that a standpoint is being taken. The reason is that ‘I don’t know’ is often used to express doubt about the correctness of another speaker’s assertion, which causes the assertion to act as a standpoint (see below). Moreover, ‘I don’t know’ is often followed by the opposite of the assertion to which it responds. 31 This occurs in (43) and (44): (43) Well, I don’t know – I don’t believe that was exactly why I flunked the test, but they said that I was acting jumpy while driving, and ..
The strong ‘I think that’ can be paraphrased as ‘I am of the opinion that’, the weak ‘I think that’ as ‘I suppose that’ or ‘I have the notion that’. A strong ‘I think that’ almost certainly points to a standpoint, but a weak ‘I think that’ does not. In order to be able to interpret an assertion introduced by a weak ‘I think that’ as a standpoint, more clues are needed. Like in the case of ‘I believe that’, a clear hint would be that arguments are adduced in support, as in (25). e. the expression must be used parenthetically and non-concessively.