By U.S. Air Force (USAF), Air University Press, U.S. Military, Department of Defense (DoD), Michael E. Haas
In Apollo's Warriors, Michael Haas brings to existence the severe, albeit little-known, contributions US Air strength detailed operations forces have made to the workout of air and area energy. the writer focuses particularly at the interval among the Korean conflict and the Indochina wars of 1950-79. The Korean battle marked the 1st significant use of Air strength particular operations functions through the chilly battle. features formerly hired in the course of the moment international warfare have been quick resurrected and used to behavior unconventional war missions at the land and sea, in addition to within the air. as soon as those features have been to be had, USAF certain operations body of workers came upon themselves continually engaged in mental, covert, and seek and rescue operations some distance north of the thirty eighth parallel till the warfare led to 1953. through the interval among 1953 and the preliminary strength deployments to Laos and South Vietnam within the early Sixties, the Air Resupply and Communications (ARC) devices had the first accountability for USAF precise operations. The position of USAF distinct operations replaced dramatically with the elevated involvement of the USA within the moment Indochina battle. one of many extra attention-grabbing alterations used to be the reconstitution of the Air Commando proposal of the second one global warfare. in the course of that warfare, the Air Commandos performed powerful aerial invasions in the course of the China-Burma-India theater. construction in this legacy, the Air Commandos of the Vietnam period in the beginning have been the point of interest for education Laotian pilots and undertaking unconventional struggle operations in Laos. via 1968, that they had proved so precious that their position were extended to surround all USAF specified operations in Indochina. As a mirrored image of this broader undertaking, the Air Commandos have been renamed the precise Operations Forces. CONTENTS * PRELUDE: ahead of the start * targeted Operations in Europe * The Air Commandos * KOREA * THE go back TO battle * THE SHADOW struggle * The struggle: heart level * The warfare behind the scenes * Aviary and Unit four in motion * certain AIR MISSIONS * FIREFLY, LEAFLET, AND PICKUP OPERATIONS * NICHOLS'S "ONE-MAN struggle" * particular OPERATIONS by way of USAF "SAILORS" * USAF'S mystery PSYWAR WEAPON * organisations and Missions * stories of the 581st * COVERT battle * THE AIR RESUPPLY AND COMMUNICATIONS provider * A Chilling worry * An "Agency outdoor DOD" Makes a Request * Going Too quick * Psywarriors from Georgetown college to fortress Benning * The Air Resupply and Communications carrier Balloon application * Operation imagine * THE "COLD ARCS" AND THE IRON CURTAIN * Blue fits, eco-friendly Berets, Hidden Faces * The SA-16s' "Silent luck" * From H&B to AMA * The final of the Breed * THE safeguard will get THE NOD * "BANDITS" at the ROOF OF the realm * "THEY HAD NO AIR help" * Operation Pluto * Aftermath * the second one INDOCHINA conflict * LAOS 1961: the main DOMINO * A Blue significant within the Black global * No Faces, No Serial Numbers * A Primer in "Cold conflict one hundred and one" * LAOS 1964: THE BRUISED DOMINO * A desolate tract of Mirrors * instructing the "ABCs" of the key struggle * LAOS 1966: THE BLOODY DOMINO * Snake state * Tigers and Eagles pass Snake searching * The Nimrods * Zorro! * The Skyraiders * LAOS: contained in the DOMINO * on the TIP OF THE SPEAR * battling WITH the guts * THE RANCH HAND undertaking * THE DRAGONSHIP * Aftermath * THE SHADOW * THE PREDATOR * THE "OTHER" battle * THE seventy fifth AIR experiences staff * Duck Hook, wrestle Spear, and OPLAN 34A * The "Bringers of dying" * eco-friendly Hornets and Knives * A sour Postscript to the conflict * BARBARA'S mystery * The gamers * From Duke to Takhli * Execute! * The Scapegoats * Son Tay With 20-20 Hindsight * AIR COMMANDOS ABOVE AND past the decision * Maj Bernard F. Fisher, 1st Air Commando Squadron * Lt Col Joe M. Jackson, 311th Air Commando Squadron * Lt Col William A. Jones III, 602d specified Operations Squadron * 1st Lt James P. Fleming, twentieth distinctive Operations Squadron * Airman 1st category John L. Levitow, 3d Air Commando Squadron
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Extra resources for Apollo's Warriors: Us Air Force Special Operations During the Cold War
RUSSIA CHINA r ve lu Ri Ya The Chinese Attack October 1950 P’yongyang NORTH KOREA YELLOW SEA SEA OF JAPAN SOUTH KOREA Seoul In late 1950, a massive Chinese Communist force unexpectedly struck US and South Korean forces, driving them southward through the frozen landscape of ridges and valleys and threatening to encircle them. Exhausted US marines (below) had to fight their way out. USMC 17 HQ CIA FAR EAST COMMAND FAR EAST AIR FORCES (TOKYO) (TOKYO) G-3 OPERATIONS EIGHTH US ARMY FIFTH AIR FORCE DET 2 6004th AISS SAM DET 21st TCS CIA JAPAN (ATSUGI AS) CCRAK JACK A V I A R Y SPIES, SABOTEURS C-47 B FLT 6167th ABG B-26, C-46 KOREA DET 22d CBRS HIGH-SPEED RESCUE CRASH BOATS (SEOUL) THIRTEENTH AIR FORCE 581st ARCW B-29, SA-16, C-119, H-19, H&B SQDNS Figure 1.
The February crash led to the decision to conduct further low-level leaflet drops at night, but it provided only partial respite from SAM’s increasingly violent world. A 21st TCS unit history report for March notes cryptically that “aircraft are receiving battle damage while accomplishing Special Missions in Korea. ” 17 The 21st TCS report for the month of April noted: One aircraft from this organization has been missing since the morning of 30 April 1951. This aircraft had four crew members and two psychological warfare men aboard.
Two more “UN personnel” led nine a better-than-average chance of coming back. As noted earlier, the Special Air Missions Koreans a week later to the same area to reinforce Detachment of the 21st Troop Carrier Squadron the first party. 5 Major Moore also recalls taking American parachutists further north—across North Korea’s northern border and into Manchuria itself. ”6 When going that far north, the B-26s would generally take off from K-16, fly east out over the Sea of Japan and, using a navigation beacon on one of the US Navy’s carriers, fly north as far as possible before turning inland to search for the small fires that would mark the drop zone.