By Cristiana Barreto (auth.), Cristóbal Gnecco, Carl Langebaek (eds.)
The papers during this ebook query the tyranny of typological pondering in archaeology via case reviews from numerous South American nations (Venezuela, Colombia, Bolivia, Argentina, and Brazil) and Antarctica. they target to teach that typologies are unavoidable (they are, finally, how to create networks that provide meanings to symbols) yet that their tyranny should be conquer in the event that they are used from a serious, heuristic and non-prescriptive stance: severe as the complacent perspective in the direction of their tyranny is changed by way of a militant stance opposed to it; heuristic simply because they're used as ability to arrive substitute and suggestive interpretations yet no longer as final and convinced destinies; and non-prescriptive simply because rather than utilizing them as threads to stick with they're fairly used as constitutive elements of extra complicated and connective materials. The papers incorporated within the publication are different in temporal and locational phrases. They conceal from so known as Formative societies in lowland Venezuela to Inca-related ones in Bolivia; from the coastal shell middens of Brazil to the megalithic sculptors of SW Colombia. but, the papers are similar. they've got in universal their shared rejection of demonstrated, naturalized typologies that constrain the way in which archaeologists see, forcing their interpretations into popular and predictable conclusions. Their imaginitive interpretative proposals flee from the safe convenience of venerable typologies, many suspicious as a result of their organization with colonial political narratives. as an alternative, the authors suggest novel methods of facing archaeological data.
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Extra resources for Against Typological Tyranny in Archaeology: A South American Perspective
1994). Social organization and political power in the Amazon floodplain. The ethnohistorical sources. In A. ), Amazonian Indians from prehistory to present. Anthropological perspectives (pp. 79–94). Tucson: University of Arizona Press. Posey, D. (1986). Manejo de floresta secundária, capoeiras, campos e cerrados (Kayapó). In B. ), Suma etnológica brasileira. Vol. I: Etnobiologia (pp. 173–185). Petrópolis: Vozes/FINEP. Rival, L. (2002). Trekking through history: The Huaorani of Amazonian Ecuador.
1994, p. 138–139). Posterior studies made on the neighboring region of El Cedral indicated the existence of, at least, another hierarchical political unit; in addition, surplus production in considerable amounts was identified, as well as the public consumption of food, as a mechanism used by the elite to attract reward followers, creating and consolidating critical social relations useful to survive in high-risk environments (Gassón 1998, p. 167, 2001, p. 200). Data from El Gaván suggests the presence of a small political unit, strongly hierarchical, and with a political economy based on direct production and redistribution in ceremonial feasting organized by the leaders to gain adepts (Redmond et al.
After Langebaek 1991, p. 328) 30 R. A. Gassón The social interaction process played an important role on the development of labor division within the most complex societies. The Andean societies as cores (complex chiefdoms) and the periphery in the lowlands (local communities) interacted economically in such a way that the former produced elaborated objects that required the existence of specialists, while the latter provided raw materials. Developed chiefdoms and local communities in northern South America aspired to dominate diverse ecologies in order to gain continuous access to food resources.