By Sven Eliaeson, Lyudmila Harutyunyan, Larissa Titarenko
The break-up of the Soviet Union is a key occasion of the 20th century. The thirty ninth IIS congress in Yerevan 2009 fascinated with motives and results of this occasion and on shifts on this planet order that in its wake. This quantity is an attempt to chart those advancements in empirical and conceptual phrases. It has a spotlight at the lands of the previous Soviet Union but in addition explores pathways and contexts within the moment global at huge. The Soviet Union was once an entire scale test in growing another modernity. The implosion of this union gave upward push to new states looking for nationwide identification. At a time whilst a few observers heralded the top of historical past, there has been a rediscovery of historic legacies and a look for new paths of improvement around the former moment global. In a few elements of this international long-repressed legacies have been rediscovered. They have been occasionally, as with regards to international locations in East critical Europe, equipped round thoughts of parliamentary democracy and its substitute by way of authoritarian rule throughout the interwar interval. a few legacies mentioned efforts at constructing statehood within the wake of the 1st global battle, others to nationwide upheavals within the 19th century and past. In significant Asia and plenty of components of the Caucasus the cultural history of Islam in its various forms gave upward push to new markers of identification but additionally to violent contestations. In South Caucasus, Georgia, Armenia and Azerbaijan have embarked upon incredibly assorted, yet continually contingent, paths of improvement. Analogously center parts of the previous union have passed through tumultuous, yet until eventually the final 12 months and a part mostly cold, alterations. The crystallization of divergent paths of improvement within the greatest republics of that union, i.e. Russia and Ukraine, has ushered in divergent nationwide imaginations but additionally in sequence of bloody confrontations.
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Additional resources for After the Soviet Empire: Legacies and Pathways
To this day the historical belonging of some territories to Armenia or Azerbaijan is disputable, because both ethnic groups have lived close to each other. Therefore, the issue of identity is also a symbolic one and problematic. The fact that Christian and Muslim groups have coexisted in the same territory (like in case of Nagorno-Karabach) has added a lot to this sharp issue. In all cases, geography plays a subordinated role to geopolitics. Thus, the author mentioned the debates concerning “Georgia belonging to European Civilization” as an example of such political play.
In other words, the rise and fall of the Second world have to be placed into the frame of historical and civilizational approaches. The contributions in this volume analyse the broad topic from different methodological positions, and on different levels of societal analysis. This variety of approaches contributing to the debate about the reasons for the macrosociological changes resulting in the end of the Second world in the 1990s reflects different path-dependent vantage-points in different countries.
He also had the vantage points of both America and Russia, just like Weber (and Myrdal). The process Tocqueville saw in its cradle is now progressing and being fulfilled. Schlembach synthesises Talcott Parsons and German sociologists such as Dilthey and Simmel in his discussion of the modern project with its teleological dimension. His case is however focused on France and Turgot. In fact, French society was a faster modernizer than Germany after the French revolution. It appears almost as an anomaly that modern sociology was borne out of the Scottish Enlightenment Four stages theories (Adam Smith, Adam Ferguson, Millar, etc) although several pioneers had spent considerable time in French intellectual salons, encountering the rationalizing intellectuals of those days.