Download Advances in Textile Biotechnology by Artur Cavaco-Paulo, V. A. Nierstrasz Vincent Nierstrasz PDF

By Artur Cavaco-Paulo, V. A. Nierstrasz Vincent Nierstrasz

Biotechnology has impacted the textiles during the improvement of extra effective and environmentally pleasant production techniques, in addition to permitting the layout of superior cloth fabrics. This e-book will supply a radical evaluate of present and destiny focuses of biotechnology within the fiber and cloth undefined. half one of many e-book opens with a assessment of applied sciences fascinated by cloth biotechnology. Chapters discover the layout and engineering of novel enzymes for fabric functions and advancements in approaches and gear for enzymatic cloth remedies. half investigates the amendment of specific fibers by utilizing biotechnology. Key issues contain the therapy of wool and silk fibers and the enzymatic therapy as opposed to traditional processing of cotton. With specialist contributions from leaders of their fields, Advances in fabric Biotechnology will function a complete advisor for these within the cloth and fiber undefined, in addition to specialists within the biology, chemical and environmental engineering industries.

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Two different strategies were used to improve the hydrolytic activity of this enzyme towards crystalline cellulose at elevated temperatures: structure-guided protein engineering was used to introduce an additional tenth disulfide bridge to the Ma Cel7B catalytic module, and a fusion protein was also constructed by linking a cellulose-binding module (CBM) and a linker from the T. reesei Cel7A to the C terminus of Ma Cel7B. , 2009). , 2009). © Woodhead Publishing Limited, 2010 Design and engineering of novel enzymes for textile applications 15 Other workers have followed the same strategy of construction of fusion proteins using CBMs from different sources.

Hollenberg c p and gellissen g (1997), ‘Production of recombinant proteins by methylotrophic yeasts’, Curr Opin Biotech, 8(5), 554–560. 1016/S09581669(97)80028-6. huff j p, grant b j, penning c a and sullivan k f (1990), ‘Optimization of routine transformation of Escherichia coli with plasmid DNA’, Biotechniques, 9(5), 570–577. © Woodhead Publishing Limited, 2010 26 Advances in textile biotechnology huynh c q and zieler h (1999), ‘Construction of modular and versatile plasmid vectors for the high-level expression of single or multiple genes in insects and insect cell lines’, J Mol Biol, 288(1), 13–20.

The x-ray structure of the α-amylase from Aspergillus oryzae was used as a template to study the importance of the region vicinal to the structural calcium-binding site. This region was modified by amino acid substitution so that the negative potential around the site was increased and made more attractive for cations such as calcium. The result was an amylase that bound calcium more tightly and was more thermostable than the wild-type parent enzyme from B. licheniformis (Van der Laan and May, 1995).

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