By Howard Padwa
Dependancy: A Reference Encyclopedia bargains instantly speak and transparent solutions on a subject matter usually sensationalized within the media and politicized in the course of campaigns. Drawing from a wide selection of resources, it offers readers with a concise but thorough evaluation of what we all know approximately all types of addictive behavior.Addiction surveys either the technology of dependancy and its heritage within the usa with major sections: a story of the heritage of dependancy as a systematic and public coverage factor within the usa by way of a sequence of alphabetically prepared entries taken with corporations, participants, and occasions that experience impacted our pondering habit. a lot of the paintings specializes in substance abuse—alcohol, tobacco, opiates, cocaine—but the publication additionally examines behaviors that experience just recently been famous as almost certainly addictive, together with playing, sexual intercourse, net utilization, and extra.
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Additional resources for Addiction: A Reference Encyclopedia
Though these effects 27 28 | Reference Essay are pleasant for many people who abuse inhalants, there are also many negative side effects associated with their use. While intoxicated, people under the influence of inhalants can experience headaches, eye irritation, sensitivity to light, ringing in the ears, coughing fits, nausea, and diarrhea, and sometimes they pass out. About an hour after an individual takes inhalants, these effects subside, and there are no significant withdrawal symptoms when a person’s CNS functioning returns to normal.
The pure cocaine Nieman isolated was 200 times as strong as the coca leaf found in nature. In the 1880s, Austrian physician Karl Koller discovered that the drug could be used as an anesthetic for minor surgery, and soon doctors began recommending it to patients who were suffering from everything from depression and stomach problems to asthma, alcoholism, and morphine addiction. Though some in the scientific community (including the famous psychologist Sigmund Freud) believed that cocaine was a wonder-drug that could cure a wide variety of ailments, many physicians began to notice its habit-forming qualities in the 1880s.
In spite of the recommendation, the DEA refused to reclassify the drug, and in federal law, it remains a Schedule I drug—the most highly controlled class of drug—to this day. Beginning in the 1970s, many states took action to either decriminalize possession of marijuana or to allow for it to be used as a medicine, though the legal status of these statutes remains in limbo. While states can pass whatever laws they want concerning marijuana, federal law, which still classifies it as a highly controlled substance, technically trumps state laws when there is a conflict between the two.