By David F. Burg
An international historical past of Tax Rebellions is an exhaustive reference resource for over 4,300 years of riots, rebellions, protests, and battle brought on through abusive taxation and tax accumulating platforms all over the world. all the chronologically prepared entries specializes in a selected ancient occasion, interpreting its roots, and socio-economic context.
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Extra resources for A World History of Tax Rebellions: An Encyclopedia of Tax Rebels, Revolts, and Riots from Antiquity to the Present
The league’s purpose was protection against Persian or Spartan aggression and piracy in the Aegean Sea. Sparta had lost credibility among the Greek states during the wars with the Persians, while Athens had gained stature with the naval victory at the Battle of Salamis that precluded the Persian conquest of Greece. The allies of the league supplied assessments of either ships or money (tribute) to its support and met periodically as a synod of equals to manage the league’s general affairs, with Athens holding the presidency and making the assessments, at the temple of Apollo and Artemis in Delos.
No doubt the validity of Aston’s comment can hardly be restricted either to the thirteenth century or to England. Common methods of evading income taxes in more recent eras include underreporting wages or salaries, not declaring fringe benefits as taxable, claiming greater expenses of doing business than actually occur, and not declaring dividend and interest income. Other forms of evasion include underreporting or not reporting income from self-employment or a second job; for small businesses this tactic may involve generating two sets of account books, claiming fictitious expenses, providing fake invoices, and concealing 6 A WORLD HISTORY OF TAX REBELLIONS assets through shell companies or ownership by relatives.
The patricians, in their turn, perpetuated the tax exemptions for the guilds and rejected tax levies on wool and other raw materials needed for manufacturing. ” A most interestingly devious form of tax evasion developed in the Ottoman Empire during the sixteenth century. All of the land in the empire, including both farmland and towns, was considered the property of the sultan—it was, then, state land (miri). There were, however, some privately held lands belonging to TAXING TERMS AND STRATEGIES 5 religious foundations (vakifs) that supported Islamic schools and mosques; and a very few mulk lands granted to individual owners in order to encourage reclamation of waste lands.