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By Henepola Gunaratana

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In such a case he should cut off this impediment by leaving his group and wandering to a place where he is unknown. 4. A class is a group of students. A bhikkhu constantly engaged in instructing students has no time to undertake the work of contemplation. If he is intent on full time meditation he should turn his students over to another teacher and go off by himself. 5. Building means new building work. This is always an impediment, since it demands time and mental consideration. To sever this impediment the building work should be completed as soon as possible or handed over to the community of monks.

According to the commentator the phrase “quite secluded from sense pleasures” serves to show that to attain the first jhāna the yogin must remove himself from sense pleasures, the first hindrance and its objective basis. The need for such separation is dictated by two considerations: first by the fact that sense pleasures are the “enemy” or contrary opposite of the first jhāna, which cannot exist in their presence “just as lamplight cannot exist as long as darkness exists”; and second by the fact that sense pleasures have to be 1.

It is applied to the subjects of meditation since these are the places where the meditator undertakes the work pertaining to his calling, the work of meditation. An equivalent term occurring in the texts in āramma a, meaning “object” in general, but in this context the object focussed on in developing concentration. 1. , p. 100. , p. 80. 2. , p. 102. , p. 82. 32 The forty meditation subjects are distributed into seven categories. 1 A kasi a is a device representing a particular quality used as a support for concentration.

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